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FILED PURSUANT TO RULE 424(B)(3)
FILE NO. 333-240089
WHOLE EARTH BRANDS, INC.
SUPPLEMENT NO. 3 TO
PROSPECTUS DATED JULY 1, 2021
THE DATE OF THIS SUPPLEMENT IS NOVEMBER 9, 2021
This prospectus supplement (this “Supplement No. 3”) is part of the prospectus of Whole Earth Brands, Inc. (the “Company”) dated July 1, 2021 (as supplemented or amended from time to time, the “Prospectus”). This Supplement No. 3 supplements, modifies or supersedes certain information contained in the Prospectus. Any statement in the Prospectus that is modified or superseded is not deemed to constitute a part of the Prospectus, except as modified or superseded by this Supplement No. 3. Except to the extent that the information in this Supplement No. 3 modifies or supersedes the information contained in the Prospectus, this Supplement No. 3 should be read, and will be delivered, with the Prospectus. This Supplement No. 3 is not complete without, and may not be utilized except in connection with, the Prospectus.
The purpose of this Supplement No. 3 is to update and supplement the information in the Prospectus with the information contained in the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended September 30, 2021, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on November 9, 2021, which is attached hereto.
Investing in our securities involves risks. See “Risk Factors” beginning on page 4 of the Prospectus to read about factors you should consider before buying our common stock and warrants.
Neither the SEC nor any other regulatory body has approved or disapproved of these securities or passed upon the accuracy of this prospectus supplement or the accompanying prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.


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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2021
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                            to                               
Commission File No. 001-38880
Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
38-4101973
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
125 S. Wacker Drive, Suite 3150
Chicago, Illinois
60606
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)(Zip Code)
(312) 840-6000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which
registered
Common stock, par value $0.0001 per shareFREEThe NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
Warrants to purchase one-half of one share of common stockFREEWThe NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act): Yes ☐ No ☒
As of November 5, 2021, there were 38,477,488 shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, issued and outstanding.



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WHOLE EARTH BRANDS, INC.
Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q
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Page

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PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.         Financial Statements.
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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements (Unaudited)
For the Quarter Ended September 30, 2021
Condensed Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements

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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands of dollars, except for share and per share data)
(Unaudited)
September 30, 2021
December 31, 2020
Assets
Current Assets
Cash and cash equivalents$33,579 $16,898 
Accounts receivable (net of allowances of $940 and $955, respectively)
72,997 56,423 
Inventories193,509 111,699 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets20,068 5,045 
Total current assets320,153 190,065 
Property, Plant and Equipment, net53,860 47,285 
Other Assets
Operating lease right-of-use assets21,596 12,193 
Goodwill241,154 153,537 
Other intangible assets, net271,472 184,527 
Deferred tax assets, net2,296 2,671 
Other assets8,278 6,260 
Total Assets$918,809 $596,538 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current Liabilities
Accounts payable$41,968 $25,200 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities26,186 29,029 
Contingent consideration payable53,631 — 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities6,123 3,623 
Current portion of long-term debt3,750 7,000 
Total current liabilities131,658 64,852 
Non-Current Liabilities
Long-term debt384,070 172,662 
Warrant liabilities2,507 — 
Deferred tax liabilities, net52,403 23,297 
Operating lease liabilities, less current portion19,463 11,324 
Other liabilities15,176 15,557 
Total Liabilities605,277 287,692 
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 8)
— — 
Stockholders’ Equity
Preferred shares, $0.0001 par value; 1,000,000 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020
— — 
Common stock, $0.0001 par value; 220,000,000 shares authorized; 38,477,723 and 38,426,669 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.
Additional paid-in capital331,125 325,679 
Accumulated deficit(26,043)(25,442)
Accumulated other comprehensive income8,446 8,605 
Total stockholders’ equity313,532 308,846 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity$918,809 $596,538 
See Notes to Unaudited Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements

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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated and Combined Statements of Operations
(In thousands of dollars, except for share and per share data)
(Unaudited)
(Successor)(Predecessor)
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2021
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2020
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2021
From
June 26, 2020 to September 30, 2020
From
January 1, 2020 to June 25, 2020
Product revenues, net$128,941 $67,002 $361,259 $71,480 $128,328 
Cost of goods sold85,912 48,357 241,224 51,065 77,627 
Gross profit43,029 18,645 120,035 20,415 50,701 
Selling, general and administrative expenses24,838 14,881 85,573 16,827 43,355 
Amortization of intangible assets4,675 2,700 13,532 2,841 4,927 
Asset impairment charges— — — — 40,600 
Restructuring and other expenses— — 4,503 — — 
Operating income (loss)13,516 1,064 16,427 747 (38,181)
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities2,178 — (425)— — 
Interest expense, net(6,553)(2,045)(18,027)(2,161)(238)
Loss on extinguishment and debt transaction costs— — (5,513)— — 
Other income (expense), net(780)(170)(280)(232)801 
Income (loss) before income taxes8,361 (1,151)(7,818)(1,646)(37,618)
(Benefit) provision for income taxes(445)1,684 (8,294)1,694 (3,482)
Net income (loss)$8,806 $(2,835)$476 $(3,340)$(34,136)
Net earnings (loss) per share:
Basic$0.23 $(0.07)$0.01 $(0.09)
Diluted$0.17 $(0.07)$0.01 $(0.09)

See Notes to Unaudited Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements

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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated and Combined Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(In thousands of dollars)
(Unaudited)
(Successor)(Predecessor)
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2021
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2020
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2021
From
June 26, 2020 to September 30, 2020
From
January 1, 2020 to June 25, 2020
Net income (loss)$8,806 $(2,835)$476 $(3,340)$(34,136)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
Net change in pension benefit obligations recognized, net of taxes of $(5), $—, $(18), $— and $65
202 — 165 — 318 
Foreign currency translation adjustments(3,599)3,130 (324)3,145 (2,286)
Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax(3,397)3,130 (159)3,145 (1,968)
Comprehensive income (loss)$5,409 $295 $317 $(195)$(36,104)
See Notes to Unaudited Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements

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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated and Combined Statements of Equity
(In thousands of dollars)
(Unaudited)
(Predecessor)
Total Equity
Balance at December 31, 2019$487,750 
Funding to Parent, net(12,262)
Net loss(28,655)
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax(1,836)
Balance at March 31, 2020$444,997 
Funding to Parent, net338 
Net loss(5,481)
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax(132)
Balance at June 25, 2020$439,722 
Common StockPreferred StockAdditional
Paid-in
AccumulatedAccumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Total
Stockholders’
SharesAmountSharesAmountCapitalDeficitIncomeEquity
Balance at June 26, 2020 (Successor)
30,926,669 $— $— $250,366 $(16,703)$— $233,666 
Issuance of warrants— — — — 7,895  — 7,895 
Issuance of common stock7,500,000 — — 67,104 — — 67,105 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax
— — — — — — 15 15 
Net loss— — — — — (505)— (505)
Balance at June 30, 2020 (Successor)38,426,669 $— $— $325,365 $(17,208)$15 $308,176 
Other— — — — (948)(302)— (1,250)
Other comprehensive income, net of tax
— — — — — — 3,130 3,130 
Net loss— — — — — (2,835)— (2,835)
Balance at September 30, 2020 (Successor)38,426,669 $— $— $324,417 $(20,345)$3,145 $307,221 
See Notes to Unaudited Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements

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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated and Combined Statements of Equity (Continued)
(In thousands of dollars)
(Unaudited)
Common StockPreferred StockAdditional
Paid-in
AccumulatedAccumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Total
Stockholders’
SharesAmountSharesAmountCapitalDeficitIncomeEquity
Balance at December 31, 2020 (Successor)38,426,669 $— $— $325,679 $(25,442)$8,605 $308,846 
Reclassification of Private Warrants (Note 1)— — — — (7,062)(1,077)— (8,139)
Transfer of Private Warrants to Public Warrants (Note 6)— — — — 2,502 — — 2,502 
Net loss— — — — — (12,025)— (12,025)
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax— — — — — — (2,038)(2,038)
Stock-based compensation— — — — 1,639 — — 1,639 
Balance at March 31, 2021 (Successor)38,426,669 $— $— $322,758 $(38,544)$6,567 $290,785 
Net income— — — — — 3,695 — 3,695 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax— — — — — — 5,276 5,276 
Stock-based compensation— — — — 2,392 — — 2,392 
Net share settlements of stock-based awards29,090 — — — — — — — 
Balance at June 30, 2021 (Successor)38,455,759 $— $— $325,150 $(34,849)$11,843 $302,148 
Transfer of Private Warrants to Public Warrants (Note 6)— — — — 3,555 — — 3,555 
Net income— — — — — 8,806 — 8,806 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax— — — — — — (3,397)(3,397)
Warrant exercises50 — — — — — 
Stock-based compensation— — — — 2,534 — — 2,534 
Net share settlements of stock-based awards21,914 — — — (115)— — (115)
Balance at September 30, 2021 (Successor)38,477,723 $— $— $331,125 $(26,043)$8,446 $313,532 
See Notes to Unaudited Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements

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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated and Combined Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands of dollars)
(Unaudited)
(Successor)(Predecessor)
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021From
June 26, 2020 to September 30, 2020
From
January 1, 2020 to June 25, 2020
Operating activities
Net income (loss) $476 $(3,340)$(34,136)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
Stock-based compensation7,191 — — 
Depreciation3,230 797 1,334 
Amortization of intangible assets13,532 2,841 4,927 
Deferred income taxes2,210 (3,490)(5,578)
Asset impairment charges— — 40,600 
Amortization of inventory fair value adjustments(882)8,701 — 
Non-cash loss on extinguishment of debt4,435 — — 
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities425 — — 
Changes in current assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(2,452)(6,535)7,726 
Inventories(4,200)(3,679)3,576 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets(894)(2,516)3,330 
Accounts payable, accrued liabilities and income taxes(16,706)(5,618)507 
Other, net190 124 (2,378)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities6,555 (12,715)19,908 
Investing activities
Capital expenditures(7,076)(2,139)(3,532)
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired(190,231)(376,674)— 
Proceeds from the sale of fixed assets4,257 — — 
Transfer from trust account— 178,875 — 
Net cash used in investing activities(193,050)(199,938)(3,532)
Financing activities
Proceeds from revolving credit facility25,000 — 3,500 
Repayments of revolving credit facility(47,855)— (8,500)
Long-term borrowings375,000 140,000 — 
Repayments of long-term borrowings(138,376)(1,750)— 
Debt issuance costs(11,589)(7,139)— 
Proceeds from sale of common stock and warrants75,000 — 
Tax withholdings related to net share settlements of stock-based awards(115)— — 
Funding to Parent, net— — (11,924)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities202,066 206,111 (16,924)
See Notes to Unaudited Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements

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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated and Combined Statements of Cash Flows (Continued)
(In thousands of dollars)
(Unaudited)
(Successor)(Predecessor)
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2021
From
June 26, 2020 to September 30, 2020
From
January 1, 2020 to June 25, 2020
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents1,110 88 215 
Net change in cash and cash equivalents 16,681 (6,454)(333)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period16,898 55,535 10,395 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period$33,579 $49,081 $10,062 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information
Interest paid$15,627 $1,667 $798 
Taxes paid, net of refunds$3,999 $1,722 $2,244 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing
Non-cash capital expenditures$3,796 $— $— 
See Notes to Unaudited Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements

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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

NOTE 1: BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Whole Earth Brands, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries (“Whole Earth Brands” or the “Company”) is a global industry-leading platform, focused on the “better for you” consumer packaged goods (“CPG”) and ingredients space. The Company has a global platform of branded products and ingredients, focused on the consumer transition towards natural alternatives and clean label products.
On June 24, 2020, Act II Global Acquisition Corp., a Cayman Islands exempted company (“Act II”), domesticated into a Delaware corporation (the “Domestication”), and on June 25, 2020 (the “Closing”), consummated the indirect acquisition (the “Business Combination”) of (i) all of the issued and outstanding equity interests of Merisant Company (“Merisant”), Merisant Luxembourg Sarl (“Merisant Luxembourg”), Mafco Worldwide LLC (“Mafco Worldwide”), Mafco Shanghai LLC (“Mafco Shanghai”), EVD Holdings LLC (“EVD Holdings”), and Mafco Deutschland GmbH (together with Merisant, Merisant Luxembourg, Mafco Worldwide, Mafco Shanghai, and EVD Holdings, and their respective direct and indirect subsidiaries, “Merisant and Mafco Worldwide”), and (ii) certain assets and liabilities of Merisant and Mafco Worldwide included in the Transferred Assets and Liabilities (as defined in the Purchase Agreement (as hereafter defined)), from Flavors Holdings Inc. (“Flavors Holdings”), MW Holdings I LLC (“MW Holdings I”), MW Holdings III LLC (“MW Holdings III”), and Mafco Foreign Holdings, Inc. (“Mafco Foreign Holdings,” and together with Flavors Holdings, MW Holdings I, and MW Holdings III, the “Sellers”), pursuant to that certain Purchase Agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) entered into by and among Act II and the Sellers dated as of December 19, 2019, as amended. In connection with the Domestication, Act II changed its name to “Whole Earth Brands, Inc.”
Upon the completion of the Domestication, each of Act II’s then-issued and outstanding ordinary shares converted, on a one-for-one basis, into shares of common stock of Whole Earth Brands. In conjunction with the Business Combination, the Company issued an aggregate of 7,500,000 shares of Whole Earth Brands common stock and 5,263,500 private placement warrants (the “Private Warrants”) exercisable for 2,631,750 shares of Whole Earth Brands common stock to certain investors. On the date of Closing, the Company’s common stock and warrants began trading on The Nasdaq Stock Market under the symbols “FREE” and “FREEW,” respectively.
As a result of the Business Combination, for accounting purposes, Act II was deemed to be the acquirer and Mafco Worldwide and Merisant Company were deemed to be the acquired parties and, collectively, the accounting predecessor. The Company’s financial statement presentation includes the combined financial statements of Mafco Worldwide and Merisant Company as the “Predecessor” for periods prior to the completion of the Business Combination and includes Whole Earth Brands, Inc. and its subsidiaries for periods after the Closing (referred to as the “Successor”).
Basis of Presentation—The accompanying unaudited consolidated and combined interim financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial reporting. The balance sheet data as of December 31, 2020 was derived from the audited consolidated financial statements. These unaudited condensed consolidated and combined interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated and combined financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K.
In the opinion of management, the financial statements contain all adjustments necessary to state fairly the financial position of the Company as of September 30, 2021 and the results of operations and cash flows for all periods presented. All adjustments reflected in the accompanying unaudited consolidated and combined financial statements, which management believes are necessary to state fairly the financial position, results of operations and cash flows, have been reflected and are of a normal recurring nature. Results of operations for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the full year. Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation.
Principles of Consolidation—The consolidated and combined financial statements include the accounts of Whole Earth Brands, Inc., and its indirect and wholly owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Use of Estimates—The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the unaudited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from these estimates.
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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements
(Unaudited)    


Recently Adopted Accounting PronouncementsThe Company qualifies as an emerging growth company (an “EGC”) and as such, has elected the extended transition period for complying with certain new or revised accounting pronouncements. During the extended transition period, the Company is not subject to certain new or revised accounting standards applicable to public companies. The accounting pronouncements pending adoption below reflect effective dates for the Company as an EGC with the extended transition period.
In March 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2017-7, “Compensation - Retirement Benefits (Topic 715).” Under the new guidance, employers are required to present the service cost component of net periodic benefit cost in the same statement of operations caption as other employee compensation costs arising from services rendered during the period. Employers are required to present the other components of the net periodic benefit cost separately from the caption that includes the service costs and outside of any subtotal of operating profit and are required to disclose the caption used to present the other components of net periodic benefit cost, if not presented separately on the statement of operations. The Company adopted ASU 2017-7 effective in the second quarter of 2020. The adoption of this standard did not have an effect on the Company’s historically reported net income (loss) but resulted in a presentation reclassification which increased the Company’s historically reported operating profit by $0.1 million for the six months ended June 25, 2020.
New Accounting Standards—In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-4, “Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting.” Subject to meeting certain criteria, the new guidance provides optional expedients and exceptions to applying contract modification accounting under existing U.S. GAAP, to address the expected phase out of the London Inter-bank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) by the end of 2021. The amendments in ASU 2020-4 apply only to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions that reference LIBOR or another reference rate expected to be discontinued because of reference rate reform. The new standard was effective upon issuance and upon adoption can be applied prospectively to applicable contract modifications made on or before December 31, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this standard but does not expect it to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, “Income Taxes (ASC 740) - Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes.” The standard enhances and simplifies various aspects of the income tax accounting guidance. For public entities, the standard is effective for annual periods and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2020. This standard is effective for the Company as an EGC for the fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2019-12 on its consolidated financial statements.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-14, “Compensation - Retirement Benefits - Defined Benefit Plans - General (Subtopic 715-20).” The standard modifies certain disclosure requirements for employers that sponsor defined benefit pension and other postretirement benefit plans by removing disclosures that are no longer considered cost beneficial, clarifying specific requirements of disclosures, and adding disclosure requirements identified as relevant. This standard is effective for the Company as an EGC for the fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021. Early adoption is permitted. The amendments in ASU 2018-14 should be applied retrospectively to each period presented. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2018-14 on its consolidated financial statements.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, “Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326).” The standard requires entities to estimate losses on financial assets measured at amortized cost, including trade receivables, debt securities and loans, using an expected credit loss model. The expected credit loss differs from the previous incurred losses model primarily in that the loss recognition threshold of “probable” has been eliminated and that expected loss should consider reasonable and supportable forecasts in addition to the previously considered past events and current conditions. Additionally, the guidance requires additional disclosures related to the further disaggregation of information related to the credit quality of financial assets by year of the asset’s origination for as many as five years. Entities must apply the standard provision as a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the first reporting period in which the guidance is effective. This standard is effective for the Company as an EGC for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022 including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2016-13 on its consolidated financial statements.
Restructuring and Employee Termination Benefits—During 2020, the Company adopted restructuring plans to streamline processes and realize cost savings by consolidating facilities and eliminating various positions in operations and general and administrative areas.
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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements
(Unaudited)    


In connection with the restructuring plans, the Company recognized restructuring and other expenses of $4.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021. This included facility exit and other related costs of $3.9 million and employee termination benefits of $0.6 million. During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, the Company paid employee termination benefits of $0.5 million. The Company has accrued severance expense related to the restructuring plans of $1.1 million and $1.0 million at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, which is recorded in accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Warrant Liabilities—The Company accounts for the Private Warrants in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification “ASC” Topic 815, “Derivatives and Hedging.” Under the guidance contained in ASC Topic 815-40, the Private Warrants do not meet the criteria for equity treatment and must be recorded as liabilities. Accordingly, the Company classifies the Private Warrants as liabilities at their fair value and adjusts the warrants to fair value at each reporting period. The liability is subject to re-measurement at each balance sheet date, and any change in fair value is recognized in the Company’s statement of operations. The Private Warrants are valued using a Black-Scholes option pricing model.
Based on the views expressed in the SEC’s Staff Statement of April 12, 2021 in which the SEC staff clarified its interpretations of certain generally accepted accounting principles related to certain terms common in warrants issued by Special Purpose Acquisition Companies (“SPACs”), the Company determined that the Private Warrants should be treated as derivative liabilities rather than as components of equity, as previously presented as of December 31, 2020. Accordingly, the Company recorded out of period adjustments to the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at January 1, 2021 to reclassify warrant liabilities of $8.1 million and transaction costs incurred by Act II of $1.1 million related to the issuance of the Private Warrants. Additionally, during the first quarter of 2021, the Company recognized the cumulative effect of the error on prior periods by recording a $1.2 million gain in the Statement of Operations to reflect the cumulative decrease in the fair value of the Private Warrants from the date of issuance through December 31, 2020. The Company concluded that this misstatement was not material to the current period or the previously filed financial statements.
NOTE 2: BUSINESS COMBINATIONS
On June 25, 2020, pursuant to the Business Combination, the Company indirectly acquired Merisant and Mafco Worldwide in a transaction accounted for as a business combination under ASC Topic 805, “Business Combinations,” and was accounted for using the acquisition method. Under the acquisition method, the acquisition date fair value of the consideration paid by the Company was allocated to the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values.
The following summarizes the purchase consideration (in thousands):
Base cash consideration$387,500 
Closing adjustment(764)
Total Purchase Price$386,736 
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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements
(Unaudited)    


The Company recorded the fair value of the purchase price to tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed as follows (in thousands):
Cash and cash equivalents$10,062 
Accounts receivable45,769 
Inventories106,436 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets2,461 
Property, plant and equipment, net43,554 
Operating lease right-of-use assets12,541 
Intangible assets148,750 
Deferred tax assets, net1,065 
Other assets1,398 
Total assets acquired372,036 
Accounts payable18,590 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities35,063 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities3,007 
Operating lease liabilities, less current portion12,208 
Deferred tax liabilities, net24,630 
Other liabilities16,227 
Total liabilities assumed109,725 
Net assets acquired262,311 
Goodwill124,425 
Total Purchase Price$386,736 
The values allocated to identifiable intangible assets and their estimated useful lives are as follows:
Identifiable intangible assetsFair Value
(in thousands)
Useful Life
(in years)
Customer relationships$47,359 
0.5 to 10
Tradenames90,691 25
Product formulations10,700 Indefinite
$148,750 
Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair value assigned to tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed and represents the future economic benefits expected to arise from other intangible assets acquired that do not qualify for separate recognition, including assembled workforce and expected future market opportunities. Of the purchase price allocated to goodwill, a total of $2.5 million will be deductible for income tax purposes pursuant to Internal Revenue Code (“IRC”) Section 197 over a 15-year period.
The Company’s allocation of purchase price was based upon valuations performed to determine the fair value of the net assets as of the acquisition date and was subject to adjustments for up to one year after the closing date of the acquisition to reflect final valuations. The allocation of purchase price was finalized in the second quarter of 2021.
In the first half of 2021, the Company recorded measurement period adjustments to its allocation of purchase price resulting in an increase in deferred tax liabilities, net of $1.5 million, other liabilities of $0.7 million and goodwill of $2.2 million.

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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements
(Unaudited)    


Direct transaction-related costs consist of costs incurred in connection with the Business Combination. Act II incurred transaction costs of $18.1 million prior to the Business Combination which are reflected within the accumulated deficit within the Consolidated Statement of Equity. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company reclassified $1.1 million of Act II transaction costs related to the issuance of the Private Warrants that had been previously recorded in additional paid-in capital in connection with the Business Combination to accumulated deficit (See Note 1).
Swerve Acquisition—On November 10, 2020, the Company executed and closed a definitive Equity Purchase Agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) with RF Development, LLC (“RF Development”), Swerve, L.L.C. (“Swerve LLC”) and Swerve IP, L.L.C. (“Swerve IP” and together with Swerve LLC, “Swerve”). Swerve is a manufacturer and marketer of a portfolio of zero sugar, keto-friendly, and plant-based sweeteners and baking mixes. The Company purchased all of the issued and outstanding equity interests of both Swerve LLC and Swerve IP from RF Development for $80 million in cash, subject to customary post-closing adjustments. In connection with the acquisition of Swerve, the Company incurred transaction-related costs of $0.3 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2021. Swerve is included within the Company’s Branded CPG reportable segment. Swerve’s results are included in the Company’s consolidated statement of operations from the date of acquisition.
The following summarizes the purchase consideration (in thousands):
Base cash consideration$80,000 
Closing adjustment(968)
Total Purchase Price$79,032 
The Company recorded the fair value of the purchase price to tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed as follows (in thousands):
Accounts receivable$3,223 
Inventories6,824 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets223 
Property, plant and equipment, net143 
Operating lease right-of-use assets76 
Intangible assets36,300 
Other assets
Total assets acquired46,792 
Accounts payable3,477 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities288 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities48 
Operating lease liabilities, less current portion28 
Total liabilities assumed3,841 
Net assets acquired42,951 
Goodwill36,081 
Total Purchase Price$79,032 
The values allocated to identifiable intangible assets and their estimated useful lives are as follows:
Identifiable intangible assets
Fair Value
(in thousands)
Useful Life
(in years)
Customer relationships$3,200 10
Tradenames33,100 25
$36,300 
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Notes to Condensed Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements
(Unaudited)    


Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair value assigned to tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed and represents the future economic benefits expected to arise from other intangible assets acquired that do not qualify for separate recognition, including assembled workforce and expected future market opportunities. The entire amount of the purchase price allocated to goodwill will be deductible for income tax purposes pursuant to IRC Section 197 over a 15-year period.
The Company’s allocation of purchase price was based upon valuations performed to determine the fair value of the net assets as of the acquisition date and is subject to adjustments for up to one year after the closing date of the acquisition to reflect final valuations.
Wholesome Acquisition—On December 17, 2020, the Company entered into a stock purchase agreement (the “Wholesome Purchase Agreement”) with WSO Investments, Inc. (“WSO Investments” and together with its subsidiaries “Wholesome” and affiliates). WSO Investments is the direct parent of its wholly-owned subsidiary Wholesome Sweeteners, Incorporated, which was formed to import, market, distribute, and sell organic sugars, unrefined specialty sugars, and related products. Wholesome is included within the Company’s Branded CPG reportable segment. Wholesome’s results are included in the Company’s consolidated statement of operations from the date of acquisition.
On February 5, 2021, pursuant to the terms of the Wholesome Purchase Agreement, the Company purchased and acquired all of the issued and outstanding shares of capital stock for an initial cash purchase price of $180 million plus up to an additional $55 million (the “Earn-Out Amount”) upon the satisfaction of certain post-closing financial metrics. Subject to the terms and conditions of the Wholesome Purchase Agreement payment of the Earn-Out Amount, in whole or in part, is subject to Wholesome achieving certain EBITDA thresholds at or above approximately $30 million during the period beginning August 29, 2020, and ending December 31, 2021 and is expected to be paid by March 31, 2022. A portion of the Earn-Out Amount (up to $27.5 million) may be paid, at the Company’s election, in freely tradeable, registered shares of Company common stock. The fair value of the Earn-Out Amount assumes a full payout. In connection with the acquisition of Wholesome, the Company incurred transaction-related costs of $0.1 million and $4.7 million in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively.
The following summarizes the preliminary purchase consideration (in thousands):
Base cash consideration$180,000 
Closing adjustment13,863 
Fair value of Earn-Out Amount52,395 
Total Purchase Price$246,258 
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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements
(Unaudited)    


The Company preliminarily recorded the fair value of the purchase price to tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed as follows (in thousands):
Cash and cash equivalents$2,664 
Accounts receivable15,868 
Inventories78,522 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets1,271 
Property, plant and equipment, net3,134 
Operating lease right-of-use assets7,585 
Intangible assets104,500 
Other assets1,189 
Total assets acquired214,733 
Accounts payable5,251 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities10,576 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities1,435 
Operating lease liabilities, less current portion6,150 
Deferred tax liabilities, net26,685 
Total liabilities assumed50,097 
Net assets acquired164,636 
Goodwill81,622 
Total Purchase Price$246,258 
The preliminary values allocated to identifiable intangible assets and their estimated useful lives are as follows:
Identifiable intangible assets
Fair Value
(in thousands)
Useful Life
(in years)
Customer relationships$55,700 10
Tradenames48,800 25
$104,500 
Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair value assigned to tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed and represents the future economic benefits expected to arise from other intangible assets acquired that do not qualify for separate recognition, including assembled workforce and expected future market opportunities. Of the purchase price allocated to goodwill, a total of $4.7 million will be deductible for income tax purposes pursuant to IRC Section 197 over a 9-year period.
The Company’s preliminary allocation of purchase price was based upon preliminary valuations performed to determine the fair value of the net assets as of the acquisition date and is subject to adjustments for up to one year after the closing date of the acquisition to reflect final valuations. The accounting for the Wholesome acquisition is not complete as the valuation for certain acquired assets and liabilities have not been finalized. These final valuations of the assets and liabilities could have a material impact on the preliminary purchase price allocation disclosed above.
In the second and third quarter of 2021, the Company recorded measurement period adjustments to its initial allocation of purchase price as a result of ongoing valuation procedures on assets and liabilities assumed, including (i) an increase in purchase price of $3.6 million due to the finalization of the closing adjustment; (ii) a decrease to inventory of $0.2 million; (iii) an increase in prepaid expenses and other current assets of $0.5 million; (iv) an increase in property, plant and equipment of $0.4 million; (v) a decrease to intangible assets of $1.9 million; (vi) a decrease to other assets of $0.1 million; (vii) a decrease to accrued expenses and other current liabilities of $2.7 million; (viii) a decrease to deferred tax liabilities, net of $0.3 million; and (ix) an increase to goodwill of $1.9 million due to the incremental measurement period adjustments discussed in items (i) through (viii). The impact of measurement period adjustments to the results of operations was immaterial.
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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements
(Unaudited)    


The results of the Company’s operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 includes the results of Wholesome since February 5, 2021. Product revenues, net and operating income of Wholesome included in the Company’s condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three months ended September 30, 2021 was $53.1 million and $7.5 million, respectively, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was $125.3 million and $12.6 million, respectively.
Pro Forma Financial Information—The following unaudited pro forma financial information summarizes the results of operations for the Company as though the Business Combination and Swerve acquisition had occurred on January 1, 2019 and the Wholesome acquisition had occurred on January 1, 2020 (in thousands):
Pro Forma
Statements of Operations
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2021September 30, 2020September 30, 2021September 30, 2020
Revenue$128,941 $120,968 $381,639 $367,150 
Net income (loss)$9,613 $5,272 $13,928 $(38,626)
The unaudited pro forma financial information does not assume any impacts from revenue, cost or other operating synergies that could be generated as a result of the acquisitions. The unaudited pro forma financial information is for informational purposes only and is not indicative of the results of operations that would have been achieved had the Business Combination and Swerve acquisitions been consummated on January 1, 2019 and the Wholesome acquisition been consummated on January 1, 2020.
The Successor and Predecessor periods have been combined in the pro forma for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 and include adjustments to reflect intangible asset amortization based on the economic values derived from definite-lived intangible assets, interest expense on the new debt financing, depreciation expense for certain property, plant and equipment that have been adjusted to fair value, and the release of the inventory fair value adjustments into cost of goods sold. These adjustments are net of taxes.
NOTE 3: INVENTORIES
Inventories consisted of the following (in thousands):
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Raw materials and supplies$117,445 $66,487 
Work in process1,408 562 
Finished goods74,656 44,650 
Total inventories$193,509 $111,699 
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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements
(Unaudited)    


NOTE 4: GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS
Goodwill and other intangible assets consisted of the following (in thousands):
September 30, 2021
December 31, 2020
Gross
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net
Amount
Gross
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net
Amount
Other intangible assets subject to amortization
Customer relationships (useful life of 5 to 10 years)
$105,868 $(11,313)$94,555 $50,877 $(3,020)$47,857 
Tradenames (useful life of 25 years)
173,273 (7,056)166,217 128,155 (2,185)125,970 
Total$279,141 $(18,369)$260,772 $179,032 $(5,205)$173,827 
Other intangible assets not subject to amortization
Product formulations10,700 10,700 
Total other intangible assets, net271,472 184,527 
Goodwill241,154 153,537 
Total goodwill and other intangible assets$512,626 $338,064 
At September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, goodwill at Branded CPG was $237.4 million and $150.3 million, respectively, and goodwill at Flavors & Ingredients was $3.8 million and $3.2 million, respectively.
The Successor’s amortization expense for intangible assets was $4.7 million and $13.5 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively, and $2.7 million and $2.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and the period from June 26, 2020 through September 30, 2020, respectively. The Predecessor’s amortization expense for intangible assets was $4.9 million for the period from January 1, 2020 to June 25, 2020.
Amortization expense relating to amortizable intangible assets as of September 30, 2021 for the next five years is expected to be as follows (in thousands):
Remainder of 2021$4,679 
202218,717 
202318,717 
202418,717 
202518,483 
202618,263 
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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements
(Unaudited)    


NOTE 5: DEBT
Debt consisted of the following (in thousands):
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Term loan$373,125 $136,500 
Revolving credit facility25,000 47,855 
Less: current portion(3,750)(7,000)
Less: unamortized discount and debt issuance costs(10,305)(4,693)
Total long-term debt$384,070 $172,662 
On December 31, 2020, the Company’s senior secured loan agreement consisted of a senior secured first lien term loan facility of $140 million and a first lien revolving credit facility of up to $50 million. As of December 31, 2020, there were $2.1 million of outstanding letters of credit that reduced the Company’s availability under the revolving credit facility.
As of December 31, 2020, term loan borrowings were $131.8 million, net of debt issuance costs of $4.7 million. There were $47.9 million of borrowings under the revolving credit facility as of December 31, 2020. Additionally, as of December 31, 2020, the Company’s unamortized debt issuance costs related to the revolving credit facility were $1.7 million which are included in other assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheet.
In connection with the closing of the Wholesome Transaction, on February 5, 2021, further discussed in Note 2, the Company and certain of its subsidiaries entered into an amendment and restatement agreement (the “Amendment Agreement”) with Toronto Dominion (Texas) LLC, which amended and restated its existing senior secured loan agreement dated as of June 25, 2020 (as amended on September 4, 2020, the “Existing Credit Agreement,” and as further amended by the Amendment Agreement, the “Amended and Restated Credit Agreement”), by and among Toronto Dominion (Texas), LLC, as administrative agent, certain lenders signatory thereto and certain other parties.
The Amended and Restated Credit Agreement provides for senior secured financing consisting of the following credit facilities: (a) a senior secured term loan facility in the aggregate principal amount of $375 million (the “Term Loan Facility”); and (b) a revolving credit facility in an aggregate principal amount of up to $75 million (the “Revolving Facility,” and together with the Term Loan Facility, the “Credit Facilities”). The Revolving Facility has a $15 million sub-facility for the issuance of letters of credit and a $15 million sublimit for swing line loans. The Company used the proceeds under the Term Loan Facility to (i) repay and refinance existing indebtedness of WSO Investments; (ii) pay the cash consideration for the Wholesome Transaction; (iii) repay and refinance outstanding borrowings under the Existing Credit Agreement; and (iv) pay fees and expenses incurred in connection with the foregoing. The proceeds of the Revolving Facility can be used to finance working capital needs, for general corporate purposes, and for working capital adjustments payable under the Wholesome Purchase Agreement.
Loans outstanding under the Credit Facilities accrue interest at a rate per annum equal to (i) with respect to the Revolving Facility and letters of credit, (A) 2.75%, in the case of base rate advances, and (B) 3.75% in the case of LIBOR advances, and (ii) with respect to the Term Loan Facility, (A) 3.50%, in the case of base rate advances, and (B) 4.50% in the case of LIBOR advances, with a LIBOR floor of 1.00% with respect to the Term Loan Facility, and 0.00% with respect to the Revolving Facility and letters of credit, and base rate based on the highest of the prime rate, the federal funds rate plus 0.50%, LIBOR for a one-month interest period plus 1.00%, and with respect to the Revolving Facility and letters of credit, 0.00%, or with respect to the Term Loan Facility, 2.00%, and undrawn amounts under the Revolving Facility will accrue a commitment fee at a rate per annum equal to 0.50% on the average daily undrawn portion of the commitments thereunder. As of September 30, 2021, there were $2.1 million of outstanding letters of credit that reduced the Company’s availability under the revolving credit facility. The Company’s unamortized debt issuance costs related to the revolving credit facility were $1.9 million as of September 30, 2021 and are included in other assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheet.
The obligations under the Credit Facilities are guaranteed by certain direct or indirect wholly-owned domestic subsidiaries of the Company, other than certain excluded subsidiaries, including, but not limited to, immaterial subsidiaries and foreign subsidiaries. The Credit Facilities are secured by substantially all of the personal property of the Company and the guarantor subsidiaries (in each case, subject to certain exclusions and qualifications).
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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements
(Unaudited)    


The Credit Facilities require the Company to make certain mandatory prepayments, with (i) 100% of net cash proceeds of all non-ordinary course asset sales or other dispositions of property in excess of $5 million in any fiscal year, subject to the ability to reinvest such proceeds and certain other exceptions, (ii) 100% of the net cash proceeds of any debt incurrence, other than debt permitted under the definitive agreements (but excluding debt incurred to refinance the Credit Facilities) and (iii) 50% of “Excess Cash Flow,” as defined in the Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, with a reduction to 25% if the total net leverage ratio for the fiscal year is less than or equal to 3.50 to 1.00 but greater than 3.00 to 1.00, and a reduction to 0% if the total net leverage ratio for the fiscal year is less than or equal to 3.00 to 1.00. The Company also is required to make quarterly amortization payments equal to 0.25% per annum of the original principal amount of the Term Loan Facility (subject to reductions by optional and mandatory prepayments of the loans).
As of the date of the amendment of the credit facilities, the aggregate unamortized debt issuance costs totaled $6.2 million, of which $4.4 million was expensed as a loss on extinguishment of debt. Additionally, in connection with the Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, the Company paid fees to certain lenders of $3.8 million, which was considered a debt discount, all of which was deferred, and incurred transaction costs of $8.9 million, of which $7.8 million was deferred and $1.1 million was expensed as part of loss on extinguishment and debt transaction costs.

NOTE 6: WARRANTS
As of the date of the Business Combination, the Company had approximately 20,263,500 warrants outstanding, consisting of (i) 15,000,000 public warrants originally sold as part of the units issued in Act II’s initial public offering (the “Public Warrants”) and (ii) 5,263,500 Private Warrants that were sold by Act II to the PIPE Investors in conjunction with the Business Combination (collectively with the Public Warrants, the “Warrants”). Each warrant is exercisable for one-half of one share of the Company’s common stock at a price of $11.50 per whole share, subject to adjustment. Warrants may only be exercised for a whole number of shares as no fractional shares will be issued. As of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had 18,929,980 and 15,982,520 Public Warrants outstanding, respectively, and 1,333,420 and 4,280,980 Private Warrants outstanding, respectively.
The exercise price and number of ordinary shares issuable upon exercise of the Warrants may be adjusted in certain circumstances including in the event of a share dividend, extraordinary dividend or recapitalization, reorganization, merger or consolidation. If the number of shares of Common Stock purchasable upon the exercise of the Warrants is adjusted, the Warrant price shall be adjusted proportionally. In no event will the Company be required to net cash settle the Warrants. Additionally, the Warrants became exercisable as of July 27, 2020 and expire five years from the date of the Business Combination or earlier upon redemption or liquidation.
There were 100 Warrants exercised for 50 shares of the Company’s common stock as of September 30, 2021.
Public Warrants—The Public Warrants are subject to redemption by the Company:
in whole and not in part;
at a price of $0.01 per public warrant;
upon not less than 30 days’ prior written notice of redemption to each warrant holder; and
if, and only if, the reported last sale price of the ordinary shares for any 20 trading days within a 30-day trading period ending on the third trading day prior to the date on which the Company sends the notice of redemption to the warrant holders equals or exceeds $18 per share (as adjusted).
The Company may not redeem the warrants as described above unless a registration statement under the Securities Act covering the issuance of the ordinary shares issuable upon exercise of the warrants is then effective and a current prospectus relating to those ordinary shares is available throughout the 30-day redemption period. If any such registration statement does not remain effective after closing of the Business Combination, the Company has the right to redeem the warrants on a “cashless” exercise basis. The public warrant holders only have the right to exercise their warrants pursuant to a “cashless” exercise if the Company does not maintain an effective registration statement.

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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements
(Unaudited)    


Private Warrants—The Private Warrants are identical to the Public Warrants, except that so long as they are held by the PIPE Investors or any permitted transferees, as applicable, the Private Warrants: (i) may be exercised for cash or on a cashless basis, (ii) were not allowed to be transferred, assigned or sold until thirty (30) days after the closing of the Business Combination, and (iii) shall not be redeemable by the Company. Upon the transfer of a Private Warrant to a party other than a PIPE Investor or a permitted transferee, the Private Warrants become Public Warrants and the fair market value of the Private Warrants at the date of transfer is reclassified to equity. See Note 1 for additional discussion.
NOTE 7: FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
The Company measures and records in its consolidated financial statements certain assets and liabilities at fair value. ASC Topic 820 “Fair Value Measurement and Disclosures,” establishes a fair value hierarchy for instruments measured at fair value that distinguishes between assumptions based on market data (observable inputs) and the Company’s own assumptions (unobservable inputs). This hierarchy consists of the following three levels:
Level 1 – Assets and liabilities whose values are based on unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in an active market.
Level 2 – Assets and liabilities whose values are based on inputs other than those included in Level 1, including quoted market prices in markets that are not active; quoted prices of assets or liabilities with similar attributes in active markets; or valuation models whose inputs are observable or unobservable but corroborated by market data.
Level 3 – Assets and liabilities whose values are based on valuation models or pricing techniques that utilize unobservable inputs that are significant to the overall fair value measurement.
Certain assets are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis; that is, the instruments are not measured at fair value on an ongoing basis but are subject to fair value adjustments in certain circumstances (for example, when there is evidence of impairment).
Current Assets and Other Financial Assets and Liabilities—Cash and cash equivalents, trade accounts receivable and trade accounts payable are measured at carrying value, which approximates fair value because of the short-term maturities of these instruments.
Contingent Consideration Payable—The Company measures the contingent consideration payable at fair value. The fair value of the contingent consideration utilized Level 3 inputs as it is based on significant inputs not observable in the market as of September 30, 2021, such as projected financial information and discount rate.
Debt—The Company measures its term loan and revolving facilities at original carrying value including accrued interest, net of unamortized deferred financing costs and fees. The fair value of the credit facilities approximates carrying value, as they consist of variable rate loans.
Warrant Liabilities—The Company classifies its Private Warrants as liabilities in accordance with ASC Topic 815. The Company estimates the fair value of the Private Warrants using a Black-Scholes options pricing model. The fair value of the Private Warrants utilized Level 3 inputs as it is based on significant inputs not observable in the market as of September 30, 2021.
The fair value of the Private Warrants was estimated at September 30, 2021 using a Black-Scholes options pricing model and the following assumptions:
InputSeptember 30, 2021
Asset price$11.55
Exercise price$11.50
Risk-free interest rate0.70%
Expected volatility42.0%
Expected term (years)3.74
Dividend yield0.0%
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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements
(Unaudited)    


The fair value of warrant liabilities as of September 30, 2021 was $2.5 million. The changes in the warrant liabilities during the nine months ended September 30, 2021 were as follows (in thousands):
Reclassification of fair value of Private Warrants to warrant liabilities as of January 1, 2021$8,139 
Cumulative impact of change in fair value of Private Warrants in 2020(1,161)
Transfer of Private Warrants to Public Warrants(2,502)
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities in Q1 20213,523 
Fair value of warrant liabilities as of March 31, 2021$7,999 
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities in Q2 2021241 
Fair value of warrant liabilities as of June 30, 2021$8,240 
Transfer of Private Warrants to Public Warrants(3,555)
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities in Q3 2021(2,178)
Fair value of warrant liabilities as of September 30, 2021$2,507 
NOTE 8: COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
The Company is subject to various claims, pending and possible legal actions for product liability and other damages, and other matters arising out of the conduct of the business. The Company believes, based on current knowledge and consultation with counsel, that the outcome of such claims and actions will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial position or results of operations.
As of September 30, 2021, the Company had obligations to purchase $17.2 million of raw materials through 2026; however, it is unable to make reasonably reliable estimates of the timing of such payments.
NOTE 9: INCOME TAXES
For the Successor period, the Company’s provision for income taxes consists of U.S., state and local, and foreign taxes. The Company has significant operations in various locations outside the U.S. The annual effective tax rate is a composite rate reflecting the earnings in the various locations at their applicable statutory tax rates.
For the Predecessor period, income taxes as presented herein attribute current and deferred income taxes of the Company’s financial statements in a manner that is systematic, rational, and consistent with the asset and liability method described by ASC Topic 740, “Income Taxes.” Accordingly, the Company’s income tax provision during the predecessor period was prepared following the separate return method. The separate return method applies ASC Topic 740 to the stand-alone financial statements of each member of the consolidated group as if the group member were a separate taxpayer and a stand-alone enterprise. Use of the separate return method may result in differences when the sum of the amounts allocated to stand-alone tax provisions are compared with amounts presented in consolidated financial statements. In that event, the related deferred tax assets and liabilities could be significantly different from those presented herein. The consolidated financial statements reflect the Company’s portion of income taxes payable as if the Company had been a separate taxpayer.
The Successor’s income tax benefit was $0.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021, which includes a discrete income tax benefit of $0.3 million related to the finalization of a Switzerland tax ruling (as further described below) and $0.2 million in connection with the filing of the Company’s 2020 U.S. federal and state tax returns during the quarter. The effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2021 was an income tax benefit of 5.3% on pre-tax income of $8.4 million which differs from the statutory federal rate of 21% primarily due to non-deductible permanent differences, state and local income taxes, benefit from losses in certain jurisdictions, foreign income at different rates, and the discrete tax benefits described above.

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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements
(Unaudited)    


The Successor’s income tax benefit was $8.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, which includes a discrete income tax benefit of $4.8 million. The Company recorded a discrete tax benefit of $4.0 million related to the receipt of a beneficial tax ruling in Switzerland which allows for future amortization deductions, $1.0 million related to the reversal of uncertain tax position liabilities as a result of the lapse of applicable statute of limitations, and $0.2 million related to finalization of the Company’s 2020 U.S. federal and state tax returns during the quarter ended September 30, 2021, offset with a deferred tax provision of $0.5 million related to a tax law change in the United Kingdom which was enacted in June 2021. The effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was an income tax benefit of 106.1% on a pre-tax loss of $7.8 million. The effective tax rate differs from the federal rate of 21% primarily due to non-deductible permanent differences, state and local income taxes and the discrete tax benefits described above.
The Successor’s income tax provision was $1.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020, which includes a discrete tax provision of $0.4 million. The effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2020 was an income tax provision of (146.3%) on a pre-tax loss of $1.2 million. The effective tax rate differs from the statutory federal rate of 21% primarily due to the U.S. tax effect of international operations including Global Intangible Low-Taxed Income (“GILTI”) recorded during the period.
The Successor’s income tax provision was $1.7 million for the period from June 26, 2020 through September 30, 2020. The effective tax rate for the period from June 26, 2020 through September 30, 2020 was computed by applying an estimate of the annual effective tax rate for the Successor period to “ordinary” income or loss (pre-tax income or loss excluding unusual or infrequently occurring discrete items) for the reporting period. The effective tax provision was (102.9%) on a pre-tax loss of $1.6 million from June 26, 2020 through September 30, 2020 and differs from the statutory federal tax rate of 21% primarily due to GILTI recorded during the period. The Predecessor’s income tax benefit was $3.5 million for the period from January 1, 2020 through June 25, 2020. The effective tax rate for the period from January 1, 2020 through June 25, 2020 was computed using a discrete method. The Predecessor’s effective tax rate was 9.3% on pre-tax loss of $37.6 million which differs from the statutory rate of 21% primarily due to the impact of the impairment charges of non-deductible goodwill and the U.S. tax effect of international operations including GILTI recorded during the period.
As of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had an uncertain tax position liability of $0.2 million and $1.2 million, respectively, including interest and penalties. The unrecognized tax benefits include amounts related primarily to various state and foreign tax issues.
NOTE 10: PENSION BENEFITS
Certain current and former employees of the Company are covered under a funded qualified defined benefit retirement plan. Plan provisions covering certain of the Company’s salaried employees generally provide pension benefits based on years of service and compensation. Plan provisions covering certain of the Company’s union members generally provide stated benefits for each year of credited service. The Company’s funding policy is to contribute annually the statutory required amount as actuarially determined. The Company froze the pension plan on December 31, 2019. In addition, the Company has unfunded non-qualified plans covering certain salaried employees with additional retirement benefits in excess of qualified plan limits imposed by federal tax law. The Company uses December 31 as a measurement date for the plans.
In February 2021, the Compensation Committee approved the termination of the Company’s qualified defined benefit retirement plan at Flavors & Ingredients. The Company expects to settle the long-term liability associated with the termination through a combination of (i) lump-sum payments in the fourth quarter of 2021 to eligible participants who elect to receive them and (ii) the purchase of annuity contracts in the first half of 2022.

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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements
(Unaudited)    


The components of net periodic benefit (credit) cost for the Company’s defined benefit pension plans for the Successor and Predecessor were as follows (in thousands):
(Successor)(Predecessor)
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2021
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2020
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2021
From
June 26, 2020 to September 30, 2020
From
January 1, 2020 to June 25, 2020
Service cost$15 $47 $47 $47 $41 
Interest cost259 273 778 273 593 
Expected return on plan assets(398)(392)(1,197)(392)(817)
Recognized actuarial loss— 27 — 276 
Amortization of prior service cost— — — — 33 
Settlement/curtailment gain(97)— (97)— — 
Net periodic benefit (credit) cost$(212)$(72)$(442)$(72)$126 
Net periodic benefit (credit) cost is reflected in the Company’s consolidated financial statements as follows for the Successor and Predecessor periods presented (in thousands):
(Successor)(Predecessor)
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2021
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2020
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2021
From
June 26, 2020 to September 30, 2020
From
January 1, 2020 to June 25, 2020
Selling, general and administrative expense$15 $47 $47 $47 $41 
Other income, net(227)(119)(489)(119)85 
Net periodic benefit (credit) cost$(212)$(72)$(442)$(72)$126 
The Company currently does not expect to make contributions to its funded defined benefit pension plan in 2021 due to the funded status.
NOTE 11: STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

On June 24, 2020, the Whole Earth Brands, Inc. 2020 Long-Term Incentive Plan (the “Plan”) was approved for the purpose of promoting the long-term financial interests and growth of the Company and its subsidiaries by attracting and retaining management and other personnel and key service providers. The Plan provides for the granting of stock options (“SOs”), stock appreciation rights (“SARs”), restricted stock awards (“RSAs”), restricted stock units (“RSUs”), performance shares, performance share units (“PSUs”) and other stock-based awards to officers, employees and non-employee directors of, and certain other service providers to, the Company and its subsidiaries. These awards are settled in shares of the Company’s stock and therefore classified as equity awards. Under the terms of the Plan an aggregate of 9,300,000 shares of common stock are authorized for issuance under the Plan.
RSUs granted in 2021 vest ratably on the anniversary of the grant date over a period of one to three years, depending on the specific terms of each RSU agreement.
PSU awards generally cliff vest subsequent to the completion of the cumulative three-year performance period, depending on the period specified in each respective PSU agreement. The number of PSUs that ultimately vest depends on the Company’s performance relative to a specified cumulative financial target for fiscal years 2021, 2022 and 2023 (the “cumulative performance target”) and are expected to be settled in stock.
Stock-based compensation expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 was $2.7 million and $7.2 million, respectively, and no expense was recognized for the same periods in the prior year. Stock-based compensation expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 includes $0.2 million and $0.6 million, respectively, of expense related to 2021 management bonuses expected to be settled in stock and accounted for as a liability.
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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements
(Unaudited)    


A summary of activity and weighted average fair values related to the RSUs is as follows:
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021
SharesWeighted Average Fair Value
Outstanding at December 31, 2020633,057 $8.34 
Granted553,146 13.55 
Vested(40,659)10.23 
Forfeited(20,345)8.34 
Outstanding and nonvested at September 30, 20211,125,199 $10.90 
A summary of activity and weighted average fair values related to the RSAs is as follows:
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021
SharesWeighted Average Fair Value
Outstanding at December 31, 202068,946 $8.34 
Granted— — 
Outstanding and nonvested at September 30, 202168,946 $8.34 
A summary of activity and weighted average fair values related to the PSUs is as follows:
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021
SharesWeighted Average Fair Value
Outstanding at December 31, 2020— $— 
Granted323,555 13.65 
Outstanding and nonvested at September 30, 2021323,555 $13.65 
As of September 30, 2021, the Company had not yet recognized compensation costs on nonvested awards as follows (in thousands):
Unrecognized Compensation CostWeighted Avg. Remaining Recognition Period (in years)
Nonvested awards$10,096 1.06
NOTE 12: STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
Common Stock Repurchase Plan—On September 8, 2020, the Company announced that its board of directors had authorized a stock repurchase plan of up to $20 million of shares of the Company’s common stock. The shares were available for repurchase from time to time over a 12-month period which expired on September 15, 2021, in open market transactions at prevailing market prices, in privately negotiated transactions, or by other means in accordance with U.S. federal securities laws. There were no repurchases of the Company’s common stock under the stock repurchase plan.
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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements
(Unaudited)    


NOTE 13: EARNINGS PER SHARE
Basic earnings (loss) per common share is calculated by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Warrants issued are not considered outstanding at the date of issuance. RSUs and RSAs also are not considered outstanding until they have vested. Contingently issuable shares associated with outstanding PSUs that have cliff vesting based on achievement of a performance condition were not included in the basic earnings per share calculations for the periods presented as the applicable vesting conditions had not been satisfied.
Diluted earnings (loss) per share is calculated by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average shares outstanding assuming dilution. Dilutive common shares outstanding is computed using the treasury stock method and reflects the additional shares that would be outstanding if dilutive warrants were exercised and restricted stock units and restricted stock awards were settled for common shares during the period.
For warrants that are liability-classified, during the periods when the impact would be dilutive, the Company assumes share settlement of the instruments as of the beginning of the reporting period and adjusts the numerator to remove the change in the fair value of warrant liability and adjusts the denominator to include the dilutive shares using the treasury stock method.
The computation of basic and diluted earnings (loss) per common share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, the three months ended September 30, 2020, and for the period from June 26, 2020 to September 30, 2020 is shown below (in thousands, except for share and per share data):
(Successor)
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2021
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2020
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2021
From
June 26, 2020 to September 30, 2020
EPS numerator:
Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders$8,806 $(2,835)$476 $(3,340)
Less: Change in fair value of warrant liabilities(2,178)— — — 
Numerator - diluted$6,628 $(2,835)$476 $(3,340)
EPS denominator:
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic38,492,878 38,426,669 38,453,611 38,426,669 
Effect of dilutive securities1,372,8721,493,119
Weighted average shares outstanding - diluted39,865,750 38,426,669 39,946,730 38,426,669 
Net earnings (loss) per share:
Basic$0.23 $(0.07)$0.01 $(0.09)
Diluted$0.17 $(0.07)$0.01 $(0.09)
For the nine months ended September 30, 2021, 142,702 warrants were excluded from the diluted EPS calculation because they were determined to be anti-dilutive. For the three months ended September 30, 2020 and for the period from June 26, 2020 to September 30, 2020, 10,131,748 warrants, 719,038 RSUs and 68,946 RSAs were excluded from the diluted EPS calculation because they were determined to be anti-dilutive.
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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements
(Unaudited)    


NOTE 14: ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
The following table summarizes accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (“AOCI”), net of taxes, by component (in thousands):
Net Currency Translation Gains (Losses)Funded Status of
Benefit Plans
Total Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Balance at December 31, 2019 (Predecessor)
$2,885 $(10,944)$(8,059)
Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications(1,884)— (1,884)
Amounts reclassified from AOCI— 48 48 
Balance at March 31, 2020 (Predecessor)1,001 (10,896)(9,895)
Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications(402)— (402)
Amounts reclassified from AOCI— 270 270 
Balance at June 25, 2020 (Predecessor)599 (10,626)(10,027)
Purchase accounting adjustments to eliminate Predecessor’s accumulated other comprehensive loss (income)(599)10,626 10,027 
Balance at June 26, 2020 (Successor)— — — 
Other comprehensive income before reclassifications15 — 15 
Balance at June 30, 2020 (Successor)15 — 15 
Other comprehensive income before reclassifications3,130 — 3,130 
Balance at September 30, 2020 (Successor)$3,145 $— $3,145 
Balance at December 31, 2020 (Successor)$7,774 $831 $8,605 
Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications(2,047)— (2,047)
Amounts reclassified from AOCI— 
Balance at March 31, 2021 (Successor)5,727 840 6,567 
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications5,322 (55)5,267 
Amounts reclassified from AOCI— 
Balance at June 30, 2021 (Successor)11,049 794 11,843 
Other comprehensive (loss) income before reclassifications(3,599)290 (3,309)
Amounts reclassified from AOCI— (88)(88)
Balance at September 30, 2021 (Successor)$7,450 $996 $8,446 
NOTE 15: RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
The Predecessor participated in MacAndrews & Forbes’ (“MacAndrews”) directors and officers’ insurance program, which covered the Predecessor along with MacAndrews and its other affiliates. The limits of coverage are available on aggregate losses to any or all of the participating companies and their respective directors and officers. For the period January 1, 2020 to June 25, 2020, the Predecessor reimbursed MacAndrews an immaterial amount for its allocable portion of the premiums for such coverage, which the Predecessor believed was more favorable than the premiums that it could have secured were it to secure its own coverage. The Predecessor also participated in certain other insurance programs with MacAndrews under which it paid premiums directly to the insurance broker.

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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements
(Unaudited)    


In March 2018, the Predecessor entered into a revolving credit agreement with Wesco US LLC, an indirect and wholly-owned subsidiary of Merisant. This revolving credit facility, as amended, had a maturity date of January 3, 2022 and provided for maximum outstanding borrowings of up to $9.0 million. The revolving credit facility was unsecured and bore interest at 3-month LIBOR plus 4.0% and provided for periodic interest payments with all principal due upon maturity. MacAndrews had the right to accept or reject any borrowing request made by the Predecessor pursuant to the revolving credit agreement in its sole discretion. The outstanding balance on the revolving credit agreement at June 25, 2020 was $3.4 million and was forgiven by MacAndrews in connection with the Business Combination. The interest expense for the period from January 1, 2020 to June 25, 2020 was approximately $0.2 million.
In July 2020, the Company entered into an agreement with Watermill Institutional Trading LLC, a registered broker-dealer (“Watermill”), to act as one of the Company’s financial advisors for a 12-month period commencing July 22, 2020 for total consideration of $0.9 million, of which $0.1 million and $0.5 million was expensed during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. Additionally, the Company incurred additional expense of $2.0 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2021 related to services provided by Watermill in connection with the acquisition of Wholesome. A former director of Act II is a registered representative of Watermill and is providing services directly to the Company under the agreement.
NOTE 16: BUSINESS SEGMENTS
The Company has two reportable segments: Branded CPG and Flavors & Ingredients. In addition, beginning with the first quarter of 2021, the Company’s corporate office functions are now reported and included under Corporate. Corporate is not a reportable or operating segment but is included for reconciliation purposes and includes the costs for the corporate office administrative activities as well as transaction-related and other costs. Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current presentation. The Company does not present assets by reportable segments as they are not reviewed by the Chief Operating Decision Maker for purposes of assessing segment performance and allocating resources.
The following table presents selected financial information relating to the Company’s business segments (in thousands):
(Successor)(Predecessor)
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2021
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2020
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2021
From
June 26, 2020 to September 30, 2020
From January 1, 2020 to June 25, 2020
Product revenues, net
Branded CPG$102,693 $41,006 $283,585 $43,557 $80,749 
Flavors & Ingredients26,248 25,996 77,674 27,923 47,579 
Total product revenues, net$128,941 $67,002 $361,259 $71,480 $128,328 
Operating income (loss)
Branded CPG$10,090 $7,138 $30,507 $7,215 $(5,055)
Flavors & Ingredients9,520 (435)14,230 (646)(23,718)
19,610 6,703 44,737 6,569 (28,773)
Corporate(6,094)(5,639)(28,310)(5,822)(9,408)
Total operating income (loss)$13,516 $1,064 $16,427 $747 $(38,181)
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Whole Earth Brands, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated and Combined Financial Statements
(Unaudited)    


The following table presents geographic information based upon revenues of the Company’s major geographic markets (in thousands):
(Successor)(Predecessor)
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2021
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2020
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2021
From
June 26, 2020 to September 30, 2020
From
January 1, 2020 to June 25, 2020
Branded CPG:
North America$72,285 $14,642 $190,699 $15,514 $29,927 
Europe18,197 16,934 58,135 17,816 31,837 
India, Middle East and Africa3,267 2,262 9,522 2,493 3,778 
Asia-Pacific5,732 3,820 16,552 4,189 9,328 
Latin America3,212 3,348 8,677 3,545 5,879 
Flavors & Ingredients26,248 25,996 77,674 27,923 47,579 
Total product revenues, net$128,941 $67,002 $361,259 $71,480 $128,328 
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Item 2.         Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations should be read together with our consolidated financial statements and related notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020 (“Annual Report”) and our unaudited condensed consolidated and combined financial statements and the related notes appearing elsewhere in this Quarterly Report. For purposes of this section, “Whole Earth Brands,” the “Company,” “we,” or “our” refer to (i) Mafco Worldwide & Merisant and their subsidiaries (“Predecessor”) for the Period from January 1, 2020 through June 25, 2020 (each referred to herein as a “Predecessor Period”) prior to the consummation of the Business Combination and (ii) Whole Earth Brands, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the “Successor”) for the period from January 1, 2021 through September 30, 2021 (the “Successor Period”) after the Business Combination, unless the context otherwise requires.
Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) and Section 21E of the Exchange Act (the “Exchange Act”) concerning us and other matters. These statements may discuss goals, intentions and expectations as to future plans, trends, events, results of operations or financial condition, or otherwise, based on current beliefs of management, as well as assumptions made by, and information currently available to, management.
Forward-looking statements may be accompanied by words such as “achieve,” “aim,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “can,” “continue,” “could,” “drive,” “estimate,” “expect,” “forecast,” “future,” “grow,” “improve,” “increase,” “intend,” “may,” “outlook,” “plan,” “possible,” “potential,” “predict,” “project,” “should,” “target,” “will,” “would,” or similar words, phrases or expressions. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors, many of which are outside of our control, which could cause actual results to differ materially from the results contemplated by the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, our ability to achieve or maintain profitability; the extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, including the duration, spread, severity, and any recurrence of the COVID-19 pandemic, the duration and scope of related government orders and restrictions, the impact on our employees, and the extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on overall demand for our products; local, regional, national, and international economic conditions that have deteriorated as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic including the risks of a global recession or a recession in one or more of our key markets, and the impact they may have on us and our customers and management’s assessment of that impact; the projected financial information, anticipated growth rate, and market opportunity of our Branded CPG and Flavors & Ingredients business segments; the ability to maintain the listing of our securities on Nasdaq; the potential liquidity and trading of our public securities; our expected capital requirements and the availability of additional financing; our ability to attract or retain highly qualified personnel, including in accounting and finance roles; extensive and evolving government regulations that impact the way we operate; the effect of the reclassification and treatment of warrants pursuant ASC Topic 815-40; the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our suppliers, including disruptions and inefficiencies in the supply chain; factors relating to the business, operations and financial performance of our Branded CPG and Flavors & Ingredients segments; our success in integrating the various operating companies constituting Merisant and MAFCO; our ability to integrate our acquisitions and achieve the anticipated benefits of the transactions in a timely manner or at all; our ability to continue to use, maintain, enforce, protect and defend its owned and licensed intellectual property, including the Whole Earth® brand; and such other factors as discussed throughout, including in Part I, Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and in Part II, Item 1A. Risk Factors of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, our information may be incomplete or limited, and we cannot guarantee future results. Except as required by law, we assume no obligation to update or revise these forward-looking statements for any reason, even if new information becomes available in the future.

Overview
We are a global food company enabling healthier lifestyles and providing access to high-quality, plant-based sweeteners, flavor enhancers and other foods through our diverse portfolio of trusted brands and delicious products. We operate a proven platform organized into two reportable segments.

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Branded CPG, comprised of our Merisant division of operating companies, Wholesome and Swerve, is a global CPG business focused on building a branded portfolio oriented toward serving customers seeking zero-calorie, low-calorie, natural, no-sugar-added and plant-based products. Our Branded CPG products are sold under both our global flagship brands, as well as local and private label brands. Our global flagship brands include Whole Earth®, Pure Via®, Wholesome®, Swerve®, Canderel®, Equal® and existing branded adjacencies.
Flavors & Ingredients, comprised of our Mafco Worldwide division of operating companies, is a global, business-to-business focused operation with a long history as a trusted supplier of essential, functional ingredients to some of the CPG industry’s largest and most demanding customers. Our products provide a variety of solutions to its customers including flavor enhancement, flavor / aftertaste masking, moisturizing, product mouth feel modification and skin soothing characteristics. Our Flavors & Ingredients segment operates our licorice-derived products business.
In addition, beginning with the first quarter of 2021, our corporate office functions are now reported and included under Corporate. Corporate is not a reportable segment. Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current presentation.
Acquisition
On December 17, 2020, we entered into a stock purchase agreement (the “Wholesome Purchase Agreement”) with WSO Investments, Inc. (“WSO Investments” and together with its subsidiaries “Wholesome”), WSO Holdings, LP (“WSO Partnership”), Edwards Billington and Son, Limited (“EBS”), WSO Holdings, LLC (“WSO LLC,” and together with WSO Partnership and EBS, the “WSO Sellers”), and WSO Partnership, in its capacity as representative for the WSO Sellers. WSO Investments is the direct parent of its wholly-owned subsidiary Wholesome Sweeteners, Incorporated, which was formed to import, market, distribute, and sell organic sugars, unrefined specialty sugars, and related products.
On February 5, 2021, pursuant to the terms of the Wholesome Purchase Agreement, (i) the Company purchased and acquired all of the issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of WSO Investments from the WSO Sellers, for (x) an initial cash purchase price of $180 million (subject to customary post-closing adjustments), plus (y) as more thoroughly described below, up to an additional $55 million (the “Earn-Out Amount”) upon the satisfaction of certain post-closing financial metrics by Wholesome; and (ii) WSO Investments became an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (collectively, the “Wholesome Transaction”). Subject to the terms and conditions of the Wholesome Purchase Agreement, and as more thoroughly described therein, payment of the Earn-Out Amount, in whole or in part, is subject to Wholesome achieving certain EBITDA thresholds at or above approximately $30 million during the period beginning August 29, 2020, and ending December 31, 2021. A portion of the Earn-Out Amount (up to $27.5 million) may be paid, at the Company’s election, in freely tradeable, registered shares of Company common stock. Calculation of the achievement of the Earn-Out Amount is subject to certain adjustments more thoroughly described in the Wholesome Purchase Agreement. While the Earn-Out Amount is currently expected to be payable in the first quarter of 2022, the payment could accelerate upon the breach by the Company of certain covenants more thoroughly described in the Wholesome Purchase Agreement.
In connection with the closing of the Wholesome Transaction, on February 5, 2021, the Company and certain of its subsidiaries entered into an amendment and restatement agreement (the “Amendment Agreement”) with Toronto Dominion (Texas) LLC, as administrative agent, and certain lenders signatory thereto, which amended and restated its existing senior secured loan agreement dated as of June 25, 2020 (as amended on September 4, 2020, the “Existing Credit Agreement,” and as further amended by the Amendment Agreement, the “Amended and Restated Credit Agreement”), by and among Toronto Dominion (Texas) LLC, as administrative agent, certain lenders signatory thereto and certain other parties. See “Liquidity and Capital Resources” below for a further description of the Amended and Restated Credit Agreement.

Covid-19 Impact
COVID-19 surfaced in Wuhan, China in late 2019 and has since spread throughout the rest of the world. In March 2020, COVID-19 was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization and a national emergency by the U.S. Government. The pandemic has negatively affected the U.S. and global economies, disrupted global supply chains and financial markets, and resulted in significant travel restrictions, including mandated facility closures and shelter-in-place orders.

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We have taken measures to protect the health and safety of our employees and implemented work from home arrangements, where possible, social distancing where working from home is not feasible, including in our manufacturing facilities, deep cleaning protocols at all of our facilities and travel restrictions, among other measures. We have also taken appropriate measures to work with our customers to minimize potential disruption and to support the communities that we serve to address the challenges posed by the pandemic.
While we have experienced a net increase in the overall demand for our products, we are unable to fully determine the future impact of COVID-19 on demand for our products or our ability to supply our products. The full extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s operational and financial performance will depend on future developments, including the duration and spread of the pandemic and related containment and mitigation actions taken by national, state and local government officials across the world to prevent disease spread. While vaccines to prevent COVID-19 were approved by health agencies in the U.S. and other countries in which the Company operates and began to be administered near the end of calendar year 2020, distribution of the vaccines globally is taking longer than anticipated, and where vaccines are available, the public’s willingness to get inoculated has lagged. In addition, new strains of the virus appear to have increased transmissibility, including, in some limited cases, among those who are vaccinated. The extent of the pandemic’s impact on us will also depend upon our employees’ ability to work safely in our facilities, our customers’ ability to continue to operate or receive our products, the ability of our suppliers to continue to operate, and the level of activity and demand for the ultimate product and services of our customers or their customers.

Results of Operations
Consolidated
(Successor)(Predecessor)
(In thousands)Three Months Ended
September 30, 2021
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2020
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2021
From
June 26, 2020 to September 30, 2020
From
January 1, 2020 to June 25, 2020
Product revenues, net$128,941 $67,002 $361,259 $71,480 $128,328 
Cost of goods sold85,912 48,357 241,224 51,065 77,627 
Gross profit43,029 18,645 120,035 20,415 50,701 
Selling, general and administrative expenses24,838 14,881 85,573 16,827 43,355 
Amortization of intangible assets4,675 2,700 13,532 2,841 4,927 
Asset impairment charges— — — — 40,600 
Restructuring and other expenses— — 4,503 — — 
Operating income (loss)13,516 1,064 16,427 747 (38,181)
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities2,178 — (425)— — 
Interest expense, net(6,553)(2,045)(18,027)(2,161)(238)
Loss on extinguishment and debt transaction costs— — (5,513)— — 
Other income (expense), net(780)(170)(280)(232)801 
Income (loss) before income taxes8,361 (1,151)(7,818)(1,646)(37,618)
(Benefit) provision for income taxes(445)1,684 (8,294)1,694 (3,482)
Net income (loss)$8,806 $(2,835)$476 $(3,340)$(34,136)
Three Months Ended September 30, 2021 Compared to Three Months Ended September 30, 2020
Product revenues, net. Product revenues, net for the three months ended September 30, 2021 were $128.9 million, an increase of $61.9 million, or 92.4%, from $67.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 due to a $61.7 million increase in product revenues in the Branded CPG segment and a $0.3 million increase in product revenues at Flavors & Ingredients. The increase in Branded CPG revenues was due to $57.0 million of revenues related to the acquisitions of Wholesome and Swerve, $4.1 million of organic Branded CPG growth, and a $0.5 million favorable impact from foreign exchange.
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Cost of goods sold. Cost of goods sold for the three months ended September 30, 2021 was $85.9 million, an increase of $37.6 million, or 77.7%, from $48.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020. The increase was primarily driven by $43.3 million related to the acquisitions of Wholesome and Swerve (including $0.2 million of purchase accounting adjustments related to inventory), costs associated with new production operations, and higher volumes at Branded CPG, partially offset by an $11.5 million favorable change in the amortization of purchase accounting adjustments related to inventory revaluations from the Business Combination (benefit of $2.8 million in the third quarter of 2021 compared to expense of $8.7 million in the third quarter of 2020).
Selling, general and administrative expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2021 were $24.8 million, an increase of $10.0 million, or 66.9%, from $14.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 primarily due to $4.6 million of selling, general and administrative expenses from the acquisitions of Wholesome and Swerve, $2.2 million of stock-based compensation expense and higher bonus expense of $3.0 million primarily due to the reversal of $2.3 million of bonus expense in the third quarter of 2020 for certain employees who received a one-time grant of restricted stock units on September 30, 2020 in lieu of an annual cash bonus for 2020.
Amortization of intangible assets. Amortization of intangible assets for the three months ended September 30, 2021 was $4.7 million, an increase of $2.0 million, or 73.1%, from $2.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 primarily due to higher amortization expense related to the intangible assets acquired as part of the Wholesome and Swerve acquisitions.
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities. Change in fair value of warrant liabilities for the three months ended September 30, 2021 was a non-operating gain of $2.2 million.
Interest expense, net. Interest expense, net for the three months ended September 30, 2021 was $6.6 million, an increase of $4.5 million,from $2.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020. The increase was due to higher debt levels under our new credit facilities and the amortization of debt issuance costs.
Other income (expense), net. Other expense, net for the three months ended September 30, 2021 was $0.8 million compared to $0.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020.
(Benefit) provision for income taxes. The benefit for income taxes for the three months ended September 30, 2021 was $0.4 million, which includes a discrete tax benefit of $0.3 million related to the finalization of a Switzerland tax ruling and $0.2 million in connection with the filing of the Company’s 2020 U.S. federal and state tax returns during the quarter. The provision for income taxes for the three months ended September 30, 2020 was $1.7 million, which includes a discrete tax provision of $0.4 million. The effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2021 was an income tax benefit of 5.3%, compared to an income tax provision of 146.3% for the three months ended September 30, 2020. The effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2021 differs from the statutory federal rate of 21% primarily due to non-deductible permanent differences, state and local income taxes, benefit from losses in certain jurisdictions, foreign income at different rates, and discrete tax benefits. The effective tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2020 differs from the statutory federal rate of 21% primarily due to the U.S. tax effect of international operations including Global Intangible Low-Taxed Income (“GILTI”) recorded during the period.
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021 Compared to Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
Product revenues, net. Product revenues, net for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was $361.3 million. Product revenues, net for the combined nine months ended September 30, 2020 was $199.8 million, including $71.5 million for the period from June 26, 2020 through September 30, 2020 and $128.3 million from January 1, 2020 through June 25, 2020. Product revenues, net increased $161.5 million, or 80.8%, in the nine months ended September 30, 2021 due to a $159.3 million increase in product revenues in the Branded CPG segment and a $2.2 million increase in product revenues at Flavors & Ingredients. The increase in Branded CPG revenues was due to $146.3 million of revenues related to the acquisitions of Wholesome and Swerve, $7.2 million of organic Branded CPG growth and a $5.7 million favorable impact from foreign exchange.

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Cost of goods sold. Cost of goods sold for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was $241.2 million. Cost of goods sold for the combined nine months ended September 30, 2020 was $128.7 million, including $51.1 million for the period from June 26, 2020 through September 30, 2020 and $77.6 million from January 1, 2020 through June 25, 2020. Cost of goods sold increased $112.5 million, or 87.4%, in the nine months ended September 30, 2021, primarily driven by $112.4 million related to the acquisitions of Wholesome and Swerve (including $2.1 million of amortization of purchase accounting adjustments related to inventory revaluations), costs associated with new production operations, higher volumes at Branded CPG and $1.0 million of stock-based compensation expense, partially offset by an $11.6 million favorable change in purchase accounting adjustments related to inventory revaluations from the Business Combination (benefit of $2.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 compared to expense of $8.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020).
Selling, general and administrative expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was $85.6 million. Selling, general and administrative expenses for the combined nine months ended September 30, 2020 was $60.2 million, including $16.8 million for the period from June 26, 2020 through September 30, 2020 and $43.4 million from January 1, 2020 through June 25, 2020. Selling, general and administrative expenses increased $25.4 million, or 42.2%, in the nine months ended September 30, 2021, primarily due to $9.4 million of acquisition related transaction expenses, $13.0 million of selling, general and administrative expenses from the acquisitions of Wholesome and Swerve, a $3.1 million increase in bonus primarily due to the reversal of $2.3 million of bonus expense in the third quarter of 2020 as described above, $5.6 million of stock-based compensation expense, higher marketing costs and increased professional fees, partially offset by transaction bonuses of $10.6 million recorded in 2020.
Amortization of intangible assets. Amortization of intangible assets for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was $13.5 million. Amortization of intangible assets for the combined nine months ended September 30, 2020 totaled $7.8 million, including $2.8 million for the period from June 26, 2020 through September 30, 2020 and $4.9 million from January 1, 2020 through June 25, 2020. Amortization of intangible assets increased $5.8 million, or 74.2%, in the nine months ended September 30, 2021, primarily due to amortization expense related to the intangible assets acquired as part of the Wholesome and Swerve acquisitions.
Asset impairment charges. There were no asset impairment charges for the nine months ended September 30, 2021. Asset impairment charges were $40.6 million for the combined nine months ended September 30, 2020 and included an impairment charge recorded in the predecessor period of $22.9 million related to indefinite-lived intangible assets and a goodwill impairment charge of $17.7 million. The goodwill impairment charge of $17.7 million was the result of the Flavors & Ingredients and Branded CPG segments reporting units carrying values exceeding their fair values by $6.6 million and $11.1 million, respectively.
Restructuring and other expenses. Restructuring and other expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 were $4.5 million and relate primarily to certain disposal costs at our Camden, New Jersey facility, which was sold in the second quarter of 2021.
Change in fair value of warrant liabilities. Change in fair value of warrant liabilities for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was a non-operating loss of $0.4 million, which is net of a $1.2 million non-operating gain that relates to the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020. See Notes 1, 6 and 7 to our unaudited condensed consolidated and combined financial statements for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 for further discussion.
Interest expense, net. Interest expense, net for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was $18.0 million. Interest expense, net for the combined nine months ended September 30, 2020 was $2.4 million, including $2.2 million for the period from June 26, 2020 through September 30, 2020 and $0.2 million from January 1, 2020 through June 25, 2020. Interest expense, net increased $15.6 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2021 due to higher debt levels under our new credit facilities and the amortization of debt issuance costs.
Loss on extinguishment and debt transaction costs. Loss on extinguishment and debt transaction costs includes a $5.5 million pre-tax loss consisting of a write-off of unamortized debt issuance costs of $4.4 million and transaction costs of $1.1 million related to the amendment of our credit facilities on February 5, 2021.

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Other income (expense), net. Other expense, net for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was $0.3 million. Other income, net for the combined nine months ended September 30, 2020 was $0.6 million, including $0.2 million of expense for the period from June 26, 2020 through September 30, 2020 and income of $0.8 million from January 1, 2020 through June 25, 2020.
Benefit for income taxes. The benefit for income taxes for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was $8.3 million, which includes a discrete tax benefit of $4.8 million. The Company recorded a discrete tax benefit of $4.0 million related to the receipt of a beneficial tax ruling in Switzerland which allows for future amortization deductions, $1.0 million related to the reversal of uncertain tax position liabilities as a result of the lapse of applicable statute of limitations and $0.2 million related to the finalization of the Company’s 2020 U.S. federal and state tax returns during the third quarter of 2021, partially offset by a deferred tax provision of $0.5 million related to a tax law change in the United Kingdom which was enacted in June 2021. The benefit for income taxes for the combined nine months ended September 30, 2020 was $1.8 million, including a provision of $1.7 million for the period from June 26, 2020 through September 30, 2020 and an income tax benefit of $3.5 million from January 1, 2020 through June 25, 2020. The effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was an income tax benefit of 106.1%, compared to an income tax provision of 102.9% for the period from June 26, 2020 through September 30, 2020 and an income tax benefit of 9.3% for the period from January 1, 2020 through June 25, 2020. The effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 differs from the statutory federal rate of 21% primarily due to non-deductible permanent differences, state and local income taxes and the discrete tax benefits. The effective tax rate for the period from June 26, 2020 through September 30, 2020 differs from the statutory federal rate of 21% primarily due to the U.S. tax effect of international operations including GILTI recorded during the period. The effective tax rate from January 1, 2020 through June 25, 2020 differs from the statutory federal rate of 21% primarily due to the impact of impairment charges on non-deductible goodwill and the U.S. tax effect of international operations including GILTI recorded during the period.
Branded CPG
(Successor)(Predecessor)
(In thousands)Three Months Ended
September 30, 2021
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2020
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2021
From
June 26, 2020 to September 30, 2020
From
January 1, 2020 to June 25, 2020
Product revenues, net$102,693 $41,006 $283,585 $43,557 $80,749 
Operating income (loss)$10,090 $7,138 $30,507 $7,215 $(5,055)
Three Months Ended September 30, 2021 Compared to Three Months Ended September 30, 2020
Segment product revenues, net. Product revenues, net for Branded CPG for the three months ended September 30, 2021 were $102.7 million, an increase of $61.7 million, or 150.4%, from $41.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020, primarily driven by $57.0 million of revenues related to the acquisitions of Wholesome and Swerve, $4.1 million increase in organic sales led by volume growth in the natural products portfolio and a $0.5 million favorable impact of foreign exchange, driven primarily by appreciating European currencies.
Segment operating income. Operating income for Branded CPG for the three months ended September 30, 2021 was $10.1 million, an increase of $3.0 million, or 41.4%, from $7.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to additional operating income of $6.8 million related to the acquisitions of Wholesome and Swerve (which includes $0.2 million of amortization of inventory fair value adjustments), a reduction of $3.5 million in purchase accounting adjustments related to inventory revaluations from the Business Combination, as well as organic revenue growth, partially offset by a $2.3 million increase in bonus expense, which includes the reversal of $1.2 million of bonus expense related to certain employees receiving a one-time grant of restricted stock units on September 30, 2020 in lieu of an annual cash bonus for 2020, $1.0 million of stock-based compensation expense in 2021, costs associated with new production operations, and higher marketing costs.

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Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021 Compared to Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
Segment product revenues, net. Product revenues, net for Branded CPG for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 were $283.6 million. Product revenues, net for Branded CPG for the combined nine months ended September 30, 2020 totaled $124.3 million, including $43.6 million for the period from June 26, 2020 through September 30, 2020 and $80.7 million from January 1, 2020 through June 25, 2020. Product revenues, net for Branded CPG increased $159.3 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2021, due to $146.3 million of revenues related to the acquisitions of Wholesome and Swerve, $7.2 million of global organic Branded CPG growth, led by retail and food service growth and a $5.7 million favorable impact of foreign exchange.
Segment operating income (loss). Operating income for Branded CPG for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was $30.5 million. Operating income for Branded CPG for the combined nine months ended September 30, 2020 totaled $2.2 million, including operating income of $7.2 million for the period from June 26, 2020 through September 30, 2020 and operating loss of $5.1 million from January 1, 2020 through June 25, 2020. Operating income for Branded CPG increased $28.3 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2021, primarily due to a goodwill impairment charge of $11.1 million and transaction bonuses of $2.7 million reflected in the prior year results that did not reoccur in 2021, additional operating income of $14.8 million related to the acquisitions of Wholesome and Swerve (which includes $2.1 million of amortization of inventory fair value adjustments), a reduction of $3.5 million in purchase accounting adjustments related to inventory revaluations from the Business Combination, as well as organic revenue growth, partially offset by a $1.5 million increase in bonus expense, which includes the reversal of $1.2 million of bonus expense in the third quarter of 2020 as described above and $2.6 million of stock-based compensation expense in 2021.
Flavors & Ingredients
(Successor)(Predecessor)
(In thousands)Three Months Ended
September 30, 2021
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2020
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2021
From
June 26, 2020 to September 30, 2020
From
January 1, 2020 to June 25, 2020
Product revenues, net$26,248 $25,996 $77,674 $27,923 $47,579 
Operating income (loss)$9,520 $(435)$14,230 $(646)$(23,718)
Three Months Ended September 30, 2021 Compared to Three Months Ended September 30, 2020
Segment product revenues, net. Product revenues, net for Flavors & Ingredients for the three months ended September 30, 2021 were $26.2 million, an increase of $0.3 million, or 1.0%, from $26.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020, primarily driven by increases in licorice extracts and our Magnasweet product lines, which was largely offset by declines in pure derivatives.
Segment operating income (loss). Operating income for Flavors & Ingredients for the three months ended September 30, 2021 was $9.5 million, an increase of $10.0 million, from an operating loss of $0.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020, primarily driven by a $9.3 million decrease in cost of goods sold and a $0.4 million decrease in amortization expense. The decrease in cost of good sold was largely due to an $8.0 million favorable change in amortization of purchase accounting adjustments related to inventory revaluations in the third quarter of 2021 (benefit of $2.8 million compared to expense of $5.2 million in the third quarter of 2020) as well as lower selling, general and administrative expenses.
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021 Compared to Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
Segment product revenues, net. Product revenues, net for Flavors & Ingredients for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 were $77.7 million. Product revenues, net for Flavors & Ingredients for the combined nine months ended September 30, 2020 totaled $75.5 million, including $27.9 million for the period from June 26, 2020 through September 30, 2020 and $47.6 million from January 1, 2020 through June 25, 2020. Product revenues, net increased $2.2 million, or 2.9%, in the nine months ended September 30, 2021, primarily driven by licorice extracts and our Magnasweet product lines, which was partially offset by declines in pure derivatives.
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Segment operating income (loss). Operating income for Flavors & Ingredients for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was $14.2 million. Operating loss for Flavors & Ingredients for the combined nine months ended September 30, 2020 totaled $24.4 million, including an operating loss of $0.6 million for the period from June 26, 2020 through September 30, 2020 and $23.7 million from January 1, 2020 through June 25, 2020. Operating income for Flavors & Ingredients increased $38.6 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2021, primarily due to higher revenues of $2.2 million, asset impairment charges totaling $29.5 million and transaction bonuses of $3.8 million, both included in the prior year results that did not reoccur in 2021, a favorable change in amortization of purchase accounting adjustments related to inventory of $8.1 million (benefit of $2.9 million in 2021 compared to expense of $5.2 million in 2020), partially offset by $4.5 million of facility closure and restructuring costs and a $1.4 million increase in amortization expense due to purchase accounting revaluations of intangible assets.
Corporate
Beginning with the first quarter of 2021, the Company’s corporate office functions are now reported and included under Corporate. Corporate is not a reportable or operating segment.
(Successor)(Predecessor)
(In thousands)Three Months Ended
September 30, 2021
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2020
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2021
From
June 26, 2020 to September 30, 2020
From
January 1, 2020 to June 25, 2020
Operating loss$(6,094)$(5,639)$(28,310)$(5,822)$(9,408)
Three Months Ended September 30, 2021 Compared to Three Months Ended September 30, 2020
Operating loss. Operating loss for Corporate for the three months ended September 30, 2021 was $6.1 million, an increase of $0.5 million from $5.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020, primarily driven by $1.2 million of stock-based compensation expense, partially offset by lower professional fees.
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021 Compared to Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
Operating loss. Operating loss for Corporate for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was $28.3 million. Operating loss for Corporate for the combined nine months ended September 30, 2020 totaled $15.2 million, including $5.8 million for the period from June 26, 2020 through September 30, 2020 and $9.4 million from January 1, 2020 through June 25, 2020. Operating loss for Corporate rose $13.1 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2021, primarily driven by $9.4 million of acquisition related transaction expenses, $3.0 million of stock-based compensation expense and higher professional fees, partially offset by $2.5 million of lower bonus expense as 2020 included transaction bonuses of $4.5 million.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
We have historically funded operations with cash flow from operations and, when needed, with borrowings, which are described below.
We believe our sources of liquidity and capital, and our Credit Facilities will be sufficient to finance our continued operations, growth strategy and additional expenses we expect to incur for at least the next twelve months.
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The following table shows summary cash flow information for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and for the periods from June 26, 2020 through September 30, 2020 and January 1, 2020 through June 25, 2020 (in thousands):
(Successor)(Predecessor)
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021From
June 26, 2020 to September 30, 2020
From
January 1, 2020 to June 25, 2020
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities$6,555 $(12,715)$19,908 
Net cash used in investing activities(193,050)(199,938)(3,532)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities202,066 206,111 (16,924)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents1,110 88 215 
Net change in cash and cash equivalents$16,681 $(6,454)$(333)
Operating activities. Net cash provided by operating activities was $6.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021. Net cash provided by operating activities for the combined nine months ended September 30, 2020 totaled $7.2 million, including net cash used in operating activities of $12.7 million in the period from June 26, 2020 through September 30, 2020 and net cash provided by operating activities of $19.9 million from January 1, 2020 through June 25, 2020. The decrease was primarily attributable to higher interest payments and unfavorable working capital changes, largely offset by cash generated from operations. Cash paid for interest for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was $15.6 million compared to $2.5 million for the combined nine months ended September 30, 2020. Cash paid for income taxes, net of income tax refunds was $4.0 million for both the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and the combined nine months ended September 30, 2020.
Investing activities. Net cash used in investing activities was $193.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 which included cash paid of $191.2 million, net of cash acquired, related to the acquisition of Wholesome, $1 million of cash received for the final working capital settlement related to the acquisition of Swerve, capital expenditures of $7.1 million and proceeds from the sale of one of our facilities of $4.3 million. Net cash used in investing activities was $199.9 million in the period from June 26, 2020 through September 30, 2020 which included cash paid of $376.7 million related to the Business Combination, $178.9 million of cash transferred from the trust account and capital expenditures of $2.1 million. Net cash used in investing activities was $3.5 million from January 1, 2020 through June 25, 2020 and was entirely related to capital expenditures.
Financing activities. Net cash provided by financing activities was $202.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and reflects $400 million of proceeds from the Credit Facilities (as defined and described below), repayment of the revolving credit facility of $47.9 million, repayments of long-term debt of $138.4 million and payments of debt issuance costs of $11.6 million. Net cash provided by financing activities was $206.1 million in the period from June 26, 2020 to September 30, 2020 which reflects $140.0 million of proceeds from the senior secured first lien term loan facility, net of debt issuance costs of $7.1 million, proceeds from the sale of common stock and warrants of $75.0 million and repayments of long-term debt of $1.8 million. Net cash used in financing activities was $16.9 million from January 1, 2020 through June 25, 2020 due to $8.5 million of payments, offset by $3.5 million of borrowings related to the prior revolving credit facility and $11.9 million due to funding to the parent.
Indebtedness
On December 31, 2020, our senior secured loan agreement consisted of a senior secured first lien term loan facility of $140 million and a first lien revolving credit facility of up to $50 million. As of December 31, 2020, there were $2.1 million of outstanding letters of credit that reduced our availability under the revolving credit facility.
As of December 31, 2020, term loan borrowings were $131.8 million, net of debt issuance costs of $4.7 million. There were $47.9 million of borrowings under the revolving credit facility as of December 31, 2020. Additionally, as of December 31, 2020, the Company’s unamortized debt issuance costs related to the revolving credit facility were $1.7 million, which are included in other assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheet.

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In connection with the closing of the Wholesome Transaction, on February 5, 2021, we entered into an amendment and restatement agreement (the “Amendment Agreement”) with Toronto Dominion (Texas) LLC, which amended and restated our existing senior secured loan agreement dated as of June 25, 2020 (as amended on September 4, 2020, the “Existing Credit Agreement,” and as further amended by the Amendment Agreement, the “Amended and Restated Credit Agreement”), by and among Toronto Dominion (Texas), LLC, as administrative agent, certain lenders signatory thereto and certain other parties.
The Amended and Restated Credit Agreement provides for senior secured financing consisting of the following credit facilities: (a) a senior secured term loan facility in the aggregate principal amount of $375 million (the “Term Loan Facility”); and (b) a revolving credit facility in an aggregate principal amount of up to $75 million (the “Revolving Facility,” and together with the Term Loan Facility, the “Credit Facilities”). The Revolving Facility has a $15 million sub-facility for the issuance of letters of credit and a $15 million sublimit for swing line loans. We used the proceeds under the Term Loan Facility to (i) repay and refinance existing indebtedness of WSO Investments; (ii) pay the cash consideration for the Wholesome Transaction; (iii) repay and refinance outstanding borrowings under the Existing Credit Agreement; and (iv) pay fees and expenses incurred in connection with the foregoing. The proceeds of the Revolving Facility can be used to finance working capital needs, for general corporate purposes, and for working capital adjustments payable under the Wholesome Purchase Agreement.
Loans outstanding under the Credit Facilities accrue interest at a rate per annum equal to (i) with respect to the Revolving Facility and letters of credit, (A) 2.75%, in the case of base rate advances, and (B) 3.75% in the case of LIBOR advances, and (ii) with respect to the Term Loan Facility, (A) 3.50%, in the case of base rate advances, and (B) 4.50% in the case of LIBOR advances, with a LIBOR floor of 1.00% with respect to the Term Loan Facility, and 0.00% with respect to the Revolving Facility and letters of credit, and base rate based on the highest of the prime rate, the federal funds rate plus 0.50%, LIBOR for a one-month interest period plus 1.00%, and with respect to the Revolving Facility and letters of credit, 0.00%, or with respect to the Term Loan Facility, 2.0%, and undrawn amounts under the Revolving Facility will accrue a commitment fee at a rate per annum equal to 0.50% on the average daily undrawn portion of the commitments thereunder. As of September 30, 2021, there were $2.1 million of outstanding letters of credit that reduced our availability under the revolving credit facility. Our unamortized debt issuance costs related to the revolving credit facility were $1.9 million as of September 30, 2021 and are included in other assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheet.
The obligations under the Credit Facilities are guaranteed by certain direct or indirect wholly-owned domestic subsidiaries of the Company, other than certain excluded subsidiaries, including, but not limited to, immaterial subsidiaries and foreign subsidiaries. The Credit Facilities are secured by substantially all of the personal property of the Company and the guarantor subsidiaries (in each case, subject to certain exclusions and qualifications).
The Credit Facilities require us to make certain mandatory prepayments, with (i) 100% of net cash proceeds of all non-ordinary course asset sales or other dispositions of property in excess of $5 million in any fiscal year, subject to the ability to reinvest such proceeds and certain other exceptions, (ii) 100% of the net cash proceeds of any debt incurrence, other than debt permitted under the definitive agreements (but excluding debt incurred to refinance the Credit Facilities) and (iii) 50% of “Excess Cash Flow,” as defined in the Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, with a reduction to 25% if the total net leverage ratio for the fiscal year is less than or equal to 3.50 to 1.00 but greater than 3.00 to 1.00, and a reduction to 0% if the total net leverage ratio for the fiscal year is less than or equal to 3.00 to 1.00. We are also required to make quarterly amortization payments equal to 0.25% per annum of the original principal amount of the Term Loan Facility (subject to reductions by optional and mandatory prepayments of the loans).
As of the date of the amendment of the credit facilities, the aggregate unamortized debt issuance costs totaled $6.2 million, of which $4.4 million was expensed as a loss on extinguishment of debt. Additionally, in connection with the Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, the Company paid fees to certain lenders of $3.8 million, which was considered a debt discount, all of which was deferred, and incurred transaction costs of $8.9 million, of which $7.8 million was deferred and $1.1 million was expensed as part of loss on extinguishment and debt transaction costs.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future material effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, income or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.
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Contractual Obligations
The table below includes our future payments for debt and interest as of September 30, 2021, which were materially affected by the Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, as further described under Indebtedness (in thousands):
Payments Due for the 12-Month Period Ended September 30,
 Total20222023202420252026Thereafter
Debt$398,125 $3,750 $3,750 $3,750 $3,750 $28,750 $354,375 
Interest on debt132,423 21,712 21,503 21,352 21,085 20,237 26,534 
Total$530,548 $25,462 $25,253 $25,102 $24,835 $48,987 $380,909 

Critical Accounting Policies and Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
See Note 1 to our unaudited condensed consolidated and combined financial statements for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 for discussion of our accounting policy regarding the accounting for Private Warrants.
Other than the addition of our accounting policy for Private Warrants, there have been no changes to critical accounting policies and estimates from those disclosed in our audited consolidated and combined financial statements for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020. For information regarding our critical accounting policies and accounting pronouncements, see our unaudited condensed consolidated and combined financial statements and the related notes to those statements included under Item 1. hereof and our 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Item 3.       Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Not applicable.
Item 4.       Controls and Procedures
Controls and Procedures
Disclosure controls and procedures are controls and other procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
As of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, we conducted an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act). The Company’s management and the principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of September 30, 2021.
Remediation of Previously Disclosed Material Weakness in Internal Control over the Accounting for Private Warrants
As previously disclosed in Item 4. Controls and Procedures of our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2021, management identified a material weakness in our controls over the accounting for Private Warrants as of that date. The Company’s controls to evaluate the accounting for complex financial instruments, such as the issuance of warrants, did not operate effectively to appropriately apply the provisions of ASC 815-40.

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In response to the material weakness, we implemented additional review procedures and additional training and enhancements related to the accounting for equity and liability instruments (including those with warrants) to determine proper accounting in accordance with GAAP. Management has concluded, through testing, that our internal controls over the accounting for Private Warrants are operating effectively, and the material weakness is considered remediated as of September 30, 2021.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
There have been no other changes in internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2021 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.       Legal Proceedings.
There have been no material developments in our legal proceedings since we filed our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. Refer to “Part I. Item 3. Legal Proceedings” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 for additional information regarding legal proceedings.
Item 1A.   Risk Factors.
We discuss in our filings with the SEC various risks that may materially affect our business. The materialization of any risks and uncertainties identified in forward-looking statements contained in this report together with those previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 and our other filings with the SEC or those that are presently unforeseen could result in significant adverse effects on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. See “Part 1, Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Forward-looking Statements.” There have been no material changes in the risk factors previously disclosed in the section entitled “Item 1A-Risk Factors” of the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, and in the section entitled “Item 1A-Risk Factors” of the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2021, including the risk factors incorporated by reference therein, other than those listed in this section.
The ongoing novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak and consequent travel and other restrictions could adversely affect our business.
The COVID-19 pandemic continues to create challenging and unprecedented conditions, and we continue our commitment to supporting the global response to the crisis. Although there are effective vaccines for COVID-19 that have been approved for use, distribution of the vaccines in parts of the world has only recently started and many globally will likely either not have access to a vaccination until sometime later in 2021 or 2022 or be unwilling to get vaccinated. Accordingly, there remains significant uncertainty about the duration and extent of the impact from the COVID-19 pandemic. To date, we have successfully implemented contingency plans overseen by our global leadership team to monitor the evolving needs of our global business.
From the outset of the pandemic, our first priority has been the well-being of our employees and consumers. We have consistently met or exceeded government guidelines for addressing the health and safety of our employees, including global travel restrictions, prohibitions against visitors, social distancing requirements, the use of thermal temperature scanners, and the provision of personal protective equipment to our employees. We have also enabled the use of new technology to allow many of our office-based employees to work from home effectively.
We may face operational challenges as well as potential increased operating costs in manufacturing our products and making them available to customers and consumers as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Shelter-in-place and social distancing behaviors, which have been mandated or encouraged by governments and practiced by businesses and individuals, create challenges for our manufacturing employees as well as for third parties on which we rely to make our products available to consumers. These third parties include our suppliers, contract manufacturers, distributors, logistics providers and other business partners, retailers that ultimately sell our Branded CPG products to consumers and customers of our Flavors and Ingredients business.
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To date, consumer behaviors that have resulted from COVID-19 have increased overall demand for our Branded CPG products sold via retail or e-commerce channels. This demand has been partially offset by lower demand for Branded CPG products in the food service channel, working capital reductions by distributors and retailers in emerging markets and temporary impacts on demand for our Flavors and Ingredients products driven by disruptions in our customers’ supply chains or logistics networks.
While we have experienced a net increase in the overall demand for our products during the COVID-19 pandemic, the continued duration of that increased demand environment is uncertain. Additionally, deteriorating economic conditions arising from the COVID-19 pandemic, or future pandemics, could adversely affect future demand for our products. Factors such as increased unemployment, decreases in disposable income and declines in consumer confidence could cause a decrease in demand for our overall product set, particularly higher priced products. Further, vaccines to prevent COVID-19 were approved by health agencies in the U.S. and other countries in which the Company operates, which began to be administered near the end of calendar year 2020. While distribution of vaccines globally is taking longer than anticipated, it has picked up around the world but there are still many unwilling to get vaccinated. In addition, new strains of the virus appear to have increased transmissibility, including, in some limited cases, among those who are vaccinated. The COVID-19 pandemic is an unprecedented situation and the Company’s understanding of and response to its impacts is changing and evolving. The additional risk factors identified here are based upon information known at this time. The COVID-19 pandemic may adversely impact our business, financial condition, and results of operations in one or more ways not identified to date.
If we do not maintain effective internal control over financial reporting, we may not be able to accurately report our financial results in a timely manner or prevent fraud, which may adversely affect investor confidence in our financial reporting and adversely affect our business and operating results and the market price for our common stock.
Effective internal control over financial reporting is necessary for us to provide reliable financial reports. In the future, we may discover areas of our internal control over financial reporting that need improvement. If we fail to properly and efficiently maintain an effective internal control over financial reporting, we could fail to report our financial results accurately. A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of a company’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. Effective internal controls are necessary for us to provide reliable financial reports and prevent fraud.
We previously identified a material weakness in our controls over the accounting for warrants. Based on the views expressed in the SEC’s Staff Statement of April 12, 2021 in which the SEC staff clarified its interpretations of certain generally accepted accounting principles related to certain terms common in warrants issued by special purpose acquisition companies, we determined that the Private Warrants should be treated as derivative liabilities rather than as components of equity, as previously presented. We determined that our controls to evaluate the accounting for complex financial instruments, such as the issuance of warrants, did not operate effectively to appropriately apply the provisions of ASC 815-40. This material weakness did not result in a material error in our accounting for warrants; however, it was determined that there was a reasonable possibility that the error could have resulted in a material amount. Based on our assessment, management concluded that, as of March 31, 2021 and June 30, 2021, our internal control over financial reporting was not effective. As of September 30, 2021, management concluded that the material weakness was remediated.
We may identify new material weaknesses in the future, which could limit our ability to prevent or detect a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements. The occurrence of, or failure to remediate, a material weakness could result in our failure to maintain compliance with legal requirements, including Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and rules regarding timely filing of periodic reports, in addition to applicable stock exchange listing requirements, which could cause investors to lose confidence in our financial reporting and could have an adverse effect on the market price of our common stock.

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Our Private Warrants are accounted for as liabilities and changes in the value of these warrants could have a material effect on our financial results.
At each reporting period, the fair value of the warrant liabilities for the Private Warrants will be re-measured and the change in the fair value of the liability will be recorded as other income (expense) in our statement of operations. Changes in the inputs and assumptions for the valuation model we use to determine the fair value of such liability may have a material impact on the estimated fair value of the derivative liability. The share price of our common stock represents the primary underlying variable that impacts the value of the derivative instruments. Additional factors that impact the value of the derivative instruments include the volatility of our stock price and publicly traded warrants and interest rates. As a result, our consolidated financial statements and results of operations will fluctuate quarterly, based on various factors, such as the share price of our common stock, many of which are outside of our control. In addition, we may change the underlying assumptions used in our valuation model, which could result in significant fluctuations in our results of operations. If our stock price is volatile, we expect that we will recognize non-cash gains or losses on the Private Warrants each reporting period and that the amount of such gains or losses could be material. The impact of changes in fair value on earnings may have an adverse effect on the market price of our common stock.
Item 2.       Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
None.
Item 3.       Defaults Upon Senior Securities.
None.
Item 4.       Mine Safety Disclosures.
Not applicable.
Item 5.       Other Informatio